IAS Mains (1998) General Studies Paper I

General Studies Paper – I

Time Allowed: Three
Maximum Marks : 300


Each Question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

Answer must be written in the Medium specified in the Admission Certificate
issued to you, Which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in
the space provided for the purpose.  No marks will be given for the answers
written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates Should attempt all Question strictly in accordance with the
instructions given under each question.

The number of Marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the



1. Did Jawaharlal Nehru really ‘speak’ the ‘language’ of
Gandhi? Locate the points of their agreements and departures.
How did economic nationalism mirror the work of the early nationalist leadership
in India?

(About 250 words)  35

2. Answer any two of the following :  15 x 2 =30

(About 150 words on each)

(a) Why did the moderates lose appeal with the Indians and failed to elicit
desired response from the British?

(b) How did the Policy of free trade hurt Indian textile industry and crafts
in the latter half of the 19th century?

(c) Trace the origins of the R.N.I. Mutiny and evaluate its impact on the
political situation in India.

3. Answer any three of the following : 10 x 3 =30

(About 75 words on each)

(a) Examine the ideas of Rabindranath Tagore on democracy.

(b) How did the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal influence the nationalist

(c) What was the significance of the Prajamandal movements in the Indian
States in the decade preceding India’s independence?

(d) Assess the role of C. Rajagopalachari during the pre-partition years of
Indian public life.

4. (a) What do you know about the following : 2 x 15 =30

(About 20 words on each)

(i) Nil Darpan

(ii) Sarda Sadan

(iii) Sabarmati Ashram

(iv) Hunter Commission

(v) Bandi Jiwan

(b) Why have the following become famous?

(vi) Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan

(vii) Seth Jamanlal Bajaj

(viii) S. Satyamurti

(ix) Udham Singh

(x) Sarojini Naidu

(c) Write about the chief fatures of the following :

(xi) Kulu School

(xii) Gopuram

(xiii) Wahabi Movement

(xiv) Bharat Dharma Mahamandal

(xv) Communal Award



5. Examine the reasons for the non-introduction of Women’s
Reservation Bill in the LokSabha.

(About 250 words)  35
Discuss the implications of Israel’s expansion plan. How have the major western
powers reacted to it ?

(About 250 words)

6. Attempt any three of the following : 10 x 3 =30

(About 100 words on each)

(a) Examine the fall out of population explosion in India at the close of
twentieth century.

(b) Discuss the justification for the creation of new states in U.P. and

(c) What are the reasons for the slow progress of SAPTA?

(d) Describe the problem of KOSOVO.

(e) What is ASEAN PLUS? What is its nature and duty?

7. Attempt any five of following : 6 x 5 =30

(About 50 words on each)

(a) What were the circumstances leading to the promulgation of Prasar Bharati
ordinance in August 1998?

(b) Who has claimed the responsibility for the recent bomb attacks on
American embassies at Nairobi and Dar Es Salam? What are their demands?

(c) What is the significance of Pope John Paul II’s visit to Cuba?

(d) What are the significant features of Lokpal Bill recently introduced in
the Lok Sabha?

(e) Why was a variant of Basmati rice in news recently?

(f) What solution has been arrived at recently in the Cauvery water dispute?

(g) Bring out the issues involved in the appointments and transfer of judges
of the Supreme Court and high Courts in India.

8. (a) Explain the following : 2 x 15 =30

(About 20 words on each)

(i) Netizens

(ii) Shehab-3

(iii) Planet-B

(iv) W.H.O.

(v) Greenpeace

(b) What do you know about the following?

(vi) Chattisgarh

(vii) Article 356

(viii) Bentota

(ix) Narmada Sagar dam

(x) Full monty

(xi) Pamirs

(xii) Nelson Mandela

(xiii) Bacharuddin Jusul Habibie

(xiv) E.M.S. Namboodripad

(xv) Jnanpith Award



9. The total population of a country is 357 million of which
62 million live in urban areas. Of these who live in rural areas, 234 million
are agriculturists including 124 million earning members. Among the urban
population, 12 million are agriculturists of which 7 million are earning
members. Among the non-agriculturist rural population 43 million are earning are
earning members whereas among non-agriculturist urban people 14 million are
non-earning members.

Represent the above information in a tabular form.  12

10. (a) The following table shows annual profits (Rs. in
crores) of two investment companies A and B during the given 5 years
          1993         1994        1995          1996          1997
 A :      70            60           70              60              70
 B :      60            50           60              80              80

If someone plans to invest Rs. 50,000, which of the two companies should be
preferred and why ?  8

(b) An investor bought shares of a company at a premium of Rs. 20. If the par
value of the share is Rs. 120 and the company declares 21% dividend in a given
year, find the rate of interest received by the investor.

11. (a) Mention, in each of the following cases, the most
appropriate diagram to represent the data: 5

(i) Number of AIDS patients in a country detected during the last 10 years.

(ii) Monthly production of eggs in a poultry farm in a given yaer.

(iii) Yearly export and import (in dollars) of a multinational firm during
the period from 1990 to 1997.

(iv) Distribution of weights of 500 school children in the age group 15-18

(v) Political party-wise percentage of votes cast during a parliamentary

(b) The following table shows the IQ scores of adolescents aged 15-17


Interval Frequency
121 and above 15
116-120 35
111-115 50
106-110 60
101-105 100
96-100 75
91-95 70
86-90 60
81-85 25
80 and below 10


Find :

(i) the cut-off point above which 25% most intelligent adolescents fall.

(ii) the cut-off point below which the 25% least intelligent adolescents
fall.  8

12. (a) State whether the following statements are true or
false. Give reasons. 6

(i) A person’s monthly income first increases by 20% and then decreases by
20% . There is no net change in his income.

(ii) All facts expressed numerically pertain to statistics.

(iii) If A stands 50 % change of getting through Test I and Test II
independently, then A stands at least 50 % chance of getting through both the

(b) The following is the series of index numbers taking 1992 as base year :

Year :-      1992       1993      1994     1995    
1996      1997
Index:-      100        120        135       170     
180        210

How would the index numbers be changed if 1993 is taken as base year? 7