GKToday’s General Studies Manual for UPSC and State Public Services Examinations 2014: Indian Polity


The Constituent Assembly, Objectives Resolution, Salient features of Indian Constitution, Broad Features of our Parliamentary Democracy, meaning and interpretation of Preamble, the Berubari Case and Kesavanand Bharati Case in context with Preamble Manual Polity-1


The Union and Its territories, Constitutional Provisions and Supreme Court decisions regarding territory, formation of new states and changes in existing states, Citizenship Act and various provisions of citizenship in India. NRI, PIO and OCI basics.  Manual Polity-2


The evolution of Fundamental Rights and DPSP, Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Sources and importance of Fundamental Rights, Classification of Fundamental Rights, Features of Fundamental Rights in India, Provisions made in articles in Part III, Constitutional Remedies and Types of writs, Fundamental rights during emergency.  Manual Polity -3


The Reservation and Doctrine of selective discrimination, Constitutional / Legal History of Reservation and various cases, The 117th Amendment Bill, Various provisions and issues with Right to Education Act, Abolition of untouchability and titles, Various Issues Related to Right to Freedom, Issues related to Protection of Life and Personal Liberty, The concept of implied fundamental rights, Preventive Detention. Manual Polity-4


The philosophy behind Directive Principles of State Policy, their sources, Salient Constitutional Provisions on DPSP, Distinction between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles, Implementation of Directive Principles of State Policy, Amendment of the Directive Principles of State Policy, Conflict between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles and various cases, Fundamental Duties. Manual Polity-5


The Three Branches of Government in India. Comparison of India government system with other countries, President of India-Evolution of the office, Election Procedure, Powers, Impeachment, Relevance of office of President, Role of President in Government formation and during emergency. Vice President of India – Election, powers and functions. General Knowledge about past and present presidents and vice presidents of India.  Manual Polity 6


The Council of Ministers in Union Parliament, The CoM versus President / Prime Minister / Cabinet, Collective and Individual Responsibility, Attorney General of India, Powers, functions and responsibilities of AG, Comptroller and Auditor General of India – Appointment, Powers and functions. Manual Polity -7


Composition of Parliament of India, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and comparision between the two, Election of MPs and thier qualification / disqualificaton, Sessions of Parliament, Officers of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The powers and privileges of MPs and MLAs.  The immunities of MPs in India, The Parliamentary terminology, Various rituals / practices in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, The business of law making in India, Types of Bills and their comparisons, Types of charges, Discussions on bills, The process of budget making in India, Vote on account and appropriation bill, Types of questions. Various majorities in the parliament. Manual Polity 8


The various Parliamentary Committees and their functions, Parliamentary Fora, Delimitation and Delimitation Act 2002, Reservation of Seats in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.  Manual Polity 9


The Supreme Court of India, Its role in Indian democracy and its jurisdiction, Comparison of Supreme Court of India with that of other countries of the world, Appointment of the Judges and Chief Justice. Powers and role of Chief Justice of India, Various kinds of petitions, PIL, Judicial activism and overreach and issues arising out of it, Judiciary in Indian states, Relations between executive and judiciary, appointment and powers of HC Judges, Removal of judges. Notable past / present chief justices of India and thier contribution to Indian judiciary / society. Manual Polity -10

Module -11

Governor of an Indian State and his / her appointment, powers, functions, privileges and duties. Council of Ministers in states and its relations with the governor, its privileges, The Legislative Assemblies and election of their members. Legislative Councils, their creation and demolition. The Business of law making in states of India. The Constitutional Provisions in context with Union Territories, Powers of Parliament to create local legislatures, The legal and constitutional position of statehood in Delhi and its struggle for a full fledges state. Powers and functions of administrators of Union Territories in India. The legislative process in UT assemblies. Manual Polity 11


Panchayati Raj – its evolution in British India as well as Free India. The concept of democratic decentralization and issues arising out of it. Salient features of Constitution 73rd Amendment Act , Elections in Panchayats, Legal and financial powers of the Panchayats and Gram Sabhas, The role of state governments in devolution of powers and issues arising out of it. The finance commission and devolution to panchayats. Reservation for women in Panchayats. Manual Polity 12


History of Enactment of 74th amendment, Major problems of Local Urban Governments, Evolution of Urban Local Governance in India, Salient provisions of the 74th amendment Act, Various local urban bodies, their legal powers, authorities and functions, The 12th schedule subjects. Salient features of Constitution Part IXB: Cooperatives, Various provisions related to Part IXB, Need for scheduled areas in India, various provisions related to scheduled areas, Features of the 5th and 6th schedule areas and their administration. The conflict between Part IX and Part X of the constitution of India, The enactment of PESA Act. Powers and authority of the Gram Sabha and Panchayats in Scheduled areas.  Manual Polity 13

Module 14

Relations between Union and States, Important topics and issues related to them in the 7th schedule. Comparison of Union and State’s law making power on various subjects, The administrative relations between States and Union, Various disputes between Union and State governments and provisions made in that regard. Relevance of Interstate Council.The Taxation powers of the Union and state governments, Consolidated and Contingecy Funds of India, Public Account of India, Various other funds created inside / outside of these funds. Increasing and decreasing taxation in India, Constitutional Provisions regarding the Finance Commission in India, Right to Property, Trade and Commerce within the territories of India, The reforms in Centre-State relations.  Manual Polity 14


Services under the Union and States, Creation and termination of All India Services, Tribunals-their establishment, functions and powers.  Manual Polity 15


The Constitutional Provisions related to Election Commission of India, Electoral Roll, Power related to election related laws, Poll Petitions related to various important offices, Independence of ECI, Electoral reforms in India, Election of MPs and MLAs, Elections at the Local Governments, Various malpractices related to Elections, Model Code of Conduct, Various provisions related to Representations of Peoples Acts.  Manual Polity 16


Special Provisions Related to SCs, STs in Constitution and demand for addition of more classes, The National Commissions for SCs and STs, Provisions related to Anglo-Indians, Lingustic minorities, Official Languages of the Union and various linguistic issues pertaining to constitution. Emergency Provisions, Immunity Provisions for President and Governor, Amendment of the Constitution. Important Amendments and their impact on Indian judiciary / society and government.  Manual Polity 17

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