Environmental Performance Index
Environmental Performance Index was first published in 2006 as a Pilot EPI. Up till now it has been published thrice and the last was published in 2010. It uses the objective parameters of ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH and ECOSYSTEM VITALITY and is based upon 25 elements. These elements are listed here:
1. Environmental Burden of Disease
2. Adequate Sanitation
3. Drinking Water
4. Indoor Air Pollution
5. Urban Particulates
6. Local Ozone
7. Regional Ozone
8. Sulfur Dioxide Emissions
9. Water Quality Index
10. Water Stress
11. Conservation Risk Index
12. Effective Conservation
13. Critical Habitat Protection
14. Marine Protected Areas
15. Growing Stock
16. Marine Trophic Index
17. Trawling Intensity
18. Irrigation Stress
19. Agricultural Subsidies
20. Intensive Cropland
21. Burnt Land Area
22. Pesticide Regulation
23. Emissions per capita
24. Emissions per electricity generated
25. Industrial carbon intensity
Please note that EPI is released at World Economic Forum by Yale University and Columbia University.
The 2010 ranking is topped by Iceland.
Why Iceland is on top?
Because, Iceland makes high scores on environmental public health, gets virtually all of its power from renewable sources (hydropower and geothermal energy) and its control of greenhouse gas emissions.
However, in 2008, Switzerland was on top and in 2006 New Zealand was on top slot.
The 2010, top 10 countries are as follows:
Costa Rica 86.4
India’s EPI Rank was 123 with EPI score of 48.3. Pakistan follows India with 48.0 score and China precedes India with a score of 49.0. LINK