Development of Indian Constitution
Regulating Act 1773: (Also called East India Company Act 1773)
Parliament of Great Britain imposed a series of administrative and economic reforms. read more
The Amending Act 1781:
This act significantly reduced the powers of the Supreme Court at Calcutta. The actions of the servants of the Company in their official capacity were exempted from the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. read more
Pitt`s India Act of 1784 or also called as India Act 1784:
The East India Act of 1773 which was actually enacted during the times when East India Company was facing several problems of financial crisis. read more
Act of 1786
Lord Cornwallis who was appointed Governor-General and commander in chief in India in 1786, instituted land reforms and reorganized the British army and administration. He had a demand that powers of the Governor-General be enlarged to empower him, in special cases, to override the majority of his Council and act on his own special responsibility. So Act of 1786 was enacted which gave him a power of working as Both Governor General & Commander in Chief.
Thus Cornwallis became the first effective ruler of British India under the authority of Board of Control and the Court of Directors.
Charter Act of 1793
By this act the Company got extended privileges monopoly of carrying out the trade with India for next 20 years . read more
Charter Act of 1797:
Main Point : This act reduced the number of judges at Supreme Court at Calcutta from 4 to 3.
Act of 1800:
This act extended the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court at Calcutta over Benaras and some other areas. Besides this act also provided the provision of constituting a Supreme court at Madras.
Act of 1807:
This act gave the powers to the governors and councils of the presidencies of Madras and Bombay to make regulations as that of Bengal subject to approval by Supreme Court. Also power of appointing Justices of peace was given to them
Charter Act of 1813:
The 20 year privilege extended to company by Charter Act of 1793 got expired in 1813. Lord Wellesley who was the Governor General of the company during 1798 to 1805 had aggressive policies read more