Common Name and Chemical Formula of Alcohols

Chemical FormulaIUPAC NameCommon Name
CH3OHMethanolWood alcohol
C2H5OHEthanolGrain alcohol
C3H7OHIsopropyl alcoholRubbing alcohol
C4H9OHButyl alcoholButanol
C5H11OHPentanolAmyl alcohol
C16H33OHHexadecan-1-olCetyl alcohol
C2H4(OH)2Ethane-1,2-diolEthylene glycol
C3H6(OH)2Propane-1,2-diolPropylene Glycol
C3H5(OH)3Propane-1,2,3-triolGlycerol
C4H6(OH)4Butane-1,2,3,4-tetraolErythritol, Threitol
C5H7(OH)5Pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentolXylitol
C6H8(OH)6Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexolMannitol, Sorbitol
C7H9(OH)7Heptane-1,2,3,4,5,6,7-heptolVolemitol
C3H5OHProp-2-ene-1-olAllyl alcohol
C10H17OH3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-olGeraniol
C3H3OHProp-2-in-1-olPropargyl alcohol
C6H6(OH)6Cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexolInositol
C10H19OH2 - (2-propyl)-5-methyl-cyclohexane-1-olMenthol
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