- Coffee is prepared from the roasted seeds called as Coffee beans.
- Coffee is grown in more than 70 countries of the world.
- Due to Caffeine, it gives stimulating effects.
- The origin of Coffee Plan is credited to Ethiopia and cultivation of the Coffee expanded from the Arab world to other parts of the world.
- The botanical name of the genus is Coffea family Rubiacae.
- Most popular species, commercially cultivated are Coffea robusta and C. arabica.
- The plant is an evergreen shrub. The flowers bloom simultaneously and are followed by oval berries of about 1.5 cm. The berries are Green when immature, ripen to yellow and get crimson before they get black on drying. Berries ripen in seven to nine months. Coffee is generally propagated by vegetative methods just to maintain the new strains. Cuttings, grafting, and budding are the usual methods of vegetative propagation. However, Coffee can be grown by seeds as well. The traditional method of planting coffee is to put 20 seeds in each hole at the beginning of the rainy season, out of which half are eliminated naturally.
Total world production is approximately 77.5 Lakh Metric tons. Brazil is world’s number 1 Coffee producer, followed by Vietnam and Colombia. The following table shows world’s 10 largest Coffee producers:
The tables shows that India is world’s 8th largest coffee producer. Brazil accounts for one third of the coffee production in the world. Share of India in the world Coffee production is around 3.3%.