CGS-7: Miscellanous

Apurvi Chandela

Apurvi Chandela from Rajasthan has won a Gold medal in the 59th National Shooting Championship in 10-metre Air Rifle event in women’s category.

National Mathematics Day

Every year 22nd December is observed as National Mathematics Day to celebrate birth anniversary of great Indian autodidact Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. This year, it will be the 128th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan.

National Good Governance Day

In India, National Good Governance Day is observed every year on 25th December on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister and Bharat Ratna recipient Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Margi Sathi

Margi Sathi(50), who recently passed away was one of the finest exponents of Koodiyattom, the 2000 year old classical Sanskrit theatre and Nangiarkoothu, a woman-only offshoot of the Koodiyattom. She was recognised by the UNESCO as a unique artistic heritage of entire humanity. Sreeramacharitham and Kannakicharitham are the original choreographed texts by her.

Kambala

The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) has written to Karnataka Chief Secretary and Deputy Commissioners of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts to take immediate steps to stop the ‘Kambala’ (annual Buffalo race in muddy fields) events in the current season. The AWBI said that the Supreme Court judgement of May 7, 2014, banning all bull races in the country was still in force. Kambala season in the coastal region of Karnataka begins in November and lasts till March. Five events have already been held this year starting with Surya Chandra Kambala at Bangadi in Dakshina Kannada on November 21.

Zoroastrian jury in Telangana

Telangana has become the second State after Maharashtra to set up the Zoroastrian jury. The 15-member Zoroastrian jury will aid the settlement of marriage and divorce of the Parsi people in the State within their community.

INS Godavari

India’s first indigenously designed warship INS Godavari has been decommissioned after 32 years of service. It was decommissioned at Naval Dockyard in Mumbai (Maharashtra) after it completed its full life cycle, meeting all responsibilities and duties assigned in 3 decades of service.

Varunastra

The Varunastra is an advanced heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo of India. It is developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL) of the DRDO for the Indian Navy. Its weight is 1500 kg.

India’s first Naval Base

India is building its first Naval Base on the Assumption Island of Seychelles in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) as a joint project between both countries. India’s first Naval Base project has acquired significance following China acquiring its first African naval base in Djibouti (near Horn of Africa) in November 2014. From March 2016, India is also set to acquire a fully operational coastal radar system (CRS) in Seychelles. It would further enhance India’s ability to gather intelligence and assist in surveillance operations in IOR especially vital energy lanes near Seychelles.

LRSAM Barak 8

India and Israel jointly developed Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) Barak 8 was successfully test fired from INS Kolkata.

44th Anniversary of Vijay Diwas

The 44th anniversary of Vijay Diwas is celebrated in India on December 16, 2015 to mark India’s victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. The day is celebrated to honour the martyrs of the 1971 war between the two countries. On this day in 1971, about 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered to the Indian forces. This historic victory led to creation of Bangladesh.

Atomic Energy (Amendment) Bill, 2015

Union Government has introduced Atomic Energy (Amendment) Bill, 2015 to facilitate and fast track setting up of new nuclear projects in the country. The Bill seeks to amend the Atomic Energy Act, 1962.

India-Australia Civil Nuclear Cooperation

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the India-Australia Civil Nuclear Cooperation deal that came into force on November 13, 2015.

Ghadr 110 missile

Iran has successfully test fired medium range Ghadr-110 ballistic missile near the Chabahar, a port city in southeast of country along the Gulf of Oman. It is an improved and advance version of Shahab 3 missile. It has a range of 1,800 –2000 km and is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead as well as conventional warheads.

Shaheen-III missile

Pakistan has successfully test-fired the medium-range Shaheen-III surface-to-surface ballistic missile. The missile can carry nuclear warheads within a range of 2,750 kms. Shaheen-I is also capable of carrying nuclear as well as conventional warheads and has a range of 900 kms while the Shaheen-II missile can also carry nuclear and conventional warheads up to a range of 1,500 kms.

Gaofen-4

China has successfully launched its most sophisticated Earth-observation satellite, Gaofen-4. It is China’s first geosynchronous orbit HD optical imaging satellite and the world’s most sophisticated HD geosynchronous orbit remote sensing satellite. It was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in the south-western province of Sichuan through a Long March-3B carrier rocket. The data collected by Gaofen-4 will be used for disaster prevention and relief, surveillance of geological disasters and forest disasters and meteorological forecast.

LISA Pathfinder

On December 3, the European Space Agency has launched the LISA Pathfinder to detect Albert Einstein’s gravitational waves. The LISA Pathfinder was blasted off on a Vega rocket from the spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. It is carrying gold-platinum cubes that will be released in freefall to try to detect the waves predicted by the one-hundred-year-old General Theory of Relativity. According to the theory, there should be universal ripples in the fabric of space and time, caused by massive objects accelerating through the Universe. But the fluctuations are so tiny, they have never been detected by scientists.

Nairobi Package

The WTO’s 10th Ministerial Conference was held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 15 to 19 December 2015. It culminated in the adoption of the “Nairobi Package”, a series of six Ministerial Decisions on agriculture, cotton and issues related to least-developed countries (LDCs). The present Director-General of the WTO is Roberto Azevedo.

DAMPE satellite

China has launched the Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) satellite to shed light on mysterious dark matter. The purpose of the satellite is to search for smoking-gun signals of dark matter, invisible material. It was China’s first space telescope and launched on a Long March 2-D rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre. The satellite would be place in a sun- synchronous orbit at a height of 500 kilometres to observe the direction, energy and electric charge of high-energy particles in space. It has a nicknamed “Wukong” after the Monkey King with penetrating eyes in the Chinese classical fiction Journey to the West.

Islamic Military Coalition

Saudi Arabia has launched Islamic Military Coalition, a new military alliance of 34 nations mainly Muslim nations to fight terrorism. It has been established in pursuance of the objectives and principles of the charter of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). It calls for all member states to cooperate to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. The establishment of coalition comes amid international pressure on the Gulf Arab states to do more in the fight against so-called Islamic State.

Salma Dam project

Union Cabinet has approved the reconstruction and completion of Salma Dam Project in Afghanistan at a revised cost estimate of Rs 1,775.69 crore. The dam project is situated on the upper reaches of Hari Rud River in Herat province, it involves construction of a 107.5 metre high earth and rock fill dam and a 42 MW powerhouse with three units of 14 MW each. It also has provision for releasing water for irrigation of 75,000 hectares of land. The project is scheduled to be completed by June, 2016. M/s. WAPCOS, a central public sector unit under the Ministry of Water Resources, is executing the project. The availability of power and water through the project is expected to lead to the overall economic development of the western region of Afghanistan and generate goodwill for India.

Indo-Burmese Arc (IBA)

The region consists of Indo-Burman ranges (IBR; ArakanYoma, Chin Hills and Naga Hills, from south to north), the Myanmar Central Basin (MCB) and the eastern highlands of Shan plateau. IBR is an arcuate sedimentary belt with N–S trend of folded mountain chain, formed by Cenozoic rocks with Triassic metamorphic basement. It is considered as an active accretionary wedge linked to eastward subduction of the Bengal basin oceanic crust. The zone is marked by high seismicity, high erosion, high uplift and exhumation rates. Due to the complex nature, geodynamic setting, plate motion and other geodynamic processes in the region are largely unknown. The region has gained attention for the plate motion and earthquake occurrence process. The construction in the area is largely traditional. There are no high rises buildings, houses are flatter. The region is sparsely populated.

Double El Nino

Normally, the warm water from an El Nino spreads across the Pacific and cools as it evaporates. The increased moisture in the air leads to thunderstorms and tropical storms. That hasn’t happened as much as anticipated over the last year. In fact, two consecutive years of the concentration of warm water in the Pacific Ocean has disturbed the weather across different parts of the world.

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