AYUSH stands for various streams of Indian Health System viz. Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Sowa Rigpa, and Homeopathy.
The Ayush department was created in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). Its current name was given in 2003. Till 2014, this department worked under the Ministry of Health. It was upgraded to a separate ministry in 2014 with an aim to ensure the optimal development and propagation of AYUSH systems of health care. The objective of AYUSH is to promote medical pluralism and to introduce strategies for mainstreaming the indigenous systems of medicine.
Various Bodies under Ayush
Various bodies under Ayush are as follows:
- Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Medicine Science(CCRAS)
- Central Council for Research in Siddha Medicine (CCRS)
- Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM)
- Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy Medicine(CCRH)
- Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy Medicine (CCRYN)
- Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM)
- Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL)
National Institutes (Education in Indian Medicine):
- National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (NIA)
- National Institute of Siddha, Chennai (NIS)
- National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata (NIH)
- National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune (NIN)
- National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore (NIUM)
- Institute of Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda Medicine, Jamnagar, Gujarat (IPGTR)
- Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (National Ayurveda University), New Delhi (RAV)
- Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga Science, New Delhi (MDNIY)
- North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy (NEIAH), Shillong.
- Central Council of Homoeopathy Medicine (CCH)
- Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
- Central Council of Sowarigpa (Tibetan) Medicine (CCTM) Central Council of Naturopathy Medicine(CCNM)
- Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission
As on 1 April 2015 the total number of AYUSH hospitals providing AYUSH medical treatment in the country is 3598 out of which 2818 hospitals are of Ayurveda, 257 of Unani, 274 of Siddha, 7 of Yoga, 35 of Naturopathy and 207 of homoeopathy.