Medieval Indian History General Knowledge Questions

Medieval Indian History Objective Type Multiple Choice Questions for Preparation of SSC-CGL, UPSC Civil Services, NDA, CDS, Railways and State Level Public Services Examinations of 2016 and 2017.

Which of the following Mughal rulers banned engraving Kalma on coins?
[D]Muhammad Shah

Aurangzeb stopped engraving Kalma on coins. Forbade the Parsis to celebrate their festival Navaroz. Released an order to ban the music everywhere and arrest those who listen to the music. His drink was plain water and he used to sleep on ground, something that made him a Zinda Fakir. He ended the Mughal pomp of Jharokha Darshan, use of almanacs, the Mughal custom of weighing the emperor in gems -distributing the wealth to the poors, on coronation anniversaries. He reintroduced Jazia. In summary he did all that was never done by his great grandfather, grandfather and father.


Which among the following was NOT a feature of Din-i-Illahi of Akbar?
[A]Forbade of Cow eating
[B]Mohammad as only prophet of God
[C]Hom sacrifice
[D]Worship of Sun as creator

Mohammad as only prophet of God
Akbar’s Din-i-Illahi recognized no prophets. It overthrew almost every ceremonial rule whether Islam or Muslim, but took the good ideas from the Brahmins as well as from the missionaries and adopted “Sun” as a symbol of the worship of the creator. This new cult featured: Forbade cow eating, Indifference among all Indians, Instituted worship of Sun as creator, Incorporated the sacred fire adored by the Parsis, Encouraged the Havana (hom sacrifice) of the Hindus. The emperor was ahead of his times in creating such cult but this cult eventually died with him.


Which of the following Mughal emperors is known for promulgation of doctrine of imperial infallibility?

The heated arguments in the religious meeting sponsored by Akbar, the emperor found that the participants were only to defend the creeds of their own doctrines. In the emperor’s eyes, there was a truth in all the faiths but none of the creed had the master key of the Supreme Being. In 1579, Mahzar Nama was declared by which Akbar pounced upon the dominance of the intolerant orthodox and allowed free development of a genuine religious spirit. With this edict, Akbar’s judgment was set above every legal and religious authority, so it was the promulgation of the doctrine of Imperial infallibility.


Which of the following terms was used for provinces under Shershah?

Shershah divided the entire Kingdom in 47 divisions and called them “Sarkars”. These Sarkars were divided into Parganas. Every Pargana was under a Shikqdar, who looked into the law and order of his Pargana. At Pargana Level he appointed judicial and administrative officers.


Baburnama was written in which language?
[B]Chagatai Turkic
[C]Hijazi Arabic
[D]Bahrani Arabic

Chagatai Turkic
Babur has written his biography i.e. Baburnama which is also known as Tuzk-e Babri. Babur and Jahangir are the only two emperors of Mughal Empire who wrote their own biographies. Baburnama is also known to be the first true autobiography in the Islamic literature. Baburnama was written in Chagatai Turkic, which was Babur’s mother tongue.


Which of the following sultans of Delhi Sultanate established a Famine Code to relieve the victims of Famine?
[A]Mohammad Tughlaq
[B]Bahlol Lodhi
[C]Alauddin Khilji

Mohammad Tughlaq
Mohammad Tughlaq created a department of Agriculture named as “Diwan-i-Kohi”. He established a “Famine Code” to relive the victims of Famine.


Who was the first sultan to set up a permanent standing army of Delhi Sultanate?
[A]Alauddin Khilji
[B]Muhammad Tughlaq

Alauddin Khilji
Alauddin introduced the reforms in the army and started the system of branding the horses “Dagh” and biometric information about the soldiers “Chehra”. He introduced regular muster for army. He organized and introduced a countrywide spy system. He was the First Sultan who set up a “permanent Standing Army” of the sultanate.


Which of the following rulers of Delhi Sultanate faced maximum number of Mongol Attacks?
[A]Alauddin Khilji
[B]Muhammad Tughlaq
[C]Firozshah Tughlaq
[D]Bahlol Lodi

Alauddin Khilji
The maximum number of Mongol attacks were faced by Alauddin Khilji. He built Siri his capital mainly to deter the Mongols.


Which of the following Sultans of Delhi implemented the Iranian Theory of Divine Rights which said that Sultan is the representative of God on Earth?
[C]Alauddin Khilji
[D]Mohammad Tughlaq

Balban introduced “Zaminbosi” of “Practice of Sijda”, the people would Kneel down and touch the ground with their head to greet the Sultan. He forwarded the Iranian Theory of Divine Rights, that Sultan is the representative of God on Earth.


Who was the first ruler to issue Pure Arabic coin in India?
[A]Mohammad Ghori
[B]Qutubuddin Aibak
[D]Razia Sultan

Iltutmish introduced Silver Tanka and Copper Jital, the two coins of the Delhi Sultanate. The coins prior to Iltutmish were introduced by the invaders, which bear the Sanskrit characters and even Hindu Gods, Bull and Shivalinga. For example, Muhammad Ghori is known to have adopted the seated goddess Lakshmi type of the coins of Gahadavalas for circulation in the Gahadavala territories. Iltutmish was the first to introduce a “Pure Arabic Coin” in India. The Silver Tanka issued by Iltutmish was weighing 175 grains. Balban later issued gold Tanka of the same weight.