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Quiz 7: Basic General Knowledge

1. India’s First Moon Mission Chandrayaan was launched on which among the following dates?
[A] October 27, 2007
[B] October 22, 2008
[C] November 23, 2008
[D] December 17, 2008

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Correct Answer: B [October 22, 2008]
Notes:
Chandrayaan was launched on October 22nd 2008 and successfully reached the lunar surface on November 14, 2008. The ISRO lost communication with Chandrayaan-1 on August 29, 2009, almost a year after it was launched on October 22, 2008. It operated for 312 days.
In 2017 NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) have found India’s first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1 which was considered lost, is still orbiting the moon.
2. With which of the following countries, India shares maximum length of border?
[A] Pakistan
[B] China
[C] Bangladesh
[D] Nepal

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Correct Answer: C [Bangladesh]
Notes:
India has 15106.7 Km of land border running through 92 districts in 17 States and a coastline of 7516.6 Km touching 13 States and Union Territories (UTs). The length of India’s land borders with neighbouring countries is as under.
Bangladesh- 4,096.7 km
China- 3,488 km
Pakistan- 3,323 km
Nepal- 1,751 km
Myanmar- 1,643 km
Bhutan-699 km
Afghanistan- 106 km
India shares 4096.7 Km of its land border with Bangladesh. West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram are the States which share the border with Bangladesh.
3. Which among the following is considered to be the best soil for plant growth?
[A] Sand
[B] Clay
[C] Loam
[D] Silt

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Correct Answer: C [Loam]
Notes:
Loam soil is the mixture of sand, clay and humus. It has good water-retaining capacity and is sufficiently aerated. This soil contains enough mineral salts in it, and suited for growth of vegetation.
4. The number of which among the following would be maximum in a Food Chain?
[A] Producers
[B] Primary Consumers
[C] Secondary Consumers
[D] Decomposers

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Correct Answer: D [Decomposers]
Notes:
Transfer of food from the plants (producers) through a series of organisms with repeated eating and being eaten is called a food chain. A food chain consists of
  1. Producers or Autotrophs
  2. Primary consumers or Herbivores
  3. Secondary consumers or Carnivores
  4. Decomposers

Decomposers make up the final trophic level in a food chain. Decomposers are the organisms that feed on dead organic matter called detritus of all the trophic levels and help in recycling the nutrients. Examples of decomposers are bacteria, fungi, mites, millipedes, earthworms, nematodes, slugs, crabs and molluscs.

5. Luni River, which originates in the Pushkar Valley of Aravalli range ends in which among the following?
[A] As a tributary to Sabarmati
[B] In the Rann of Katch
[C] In the Arabian Sea
[D] Near Mount Abu

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Correct Answer: B [In the Rann of Katch]
Notes:
Luni is a river in Rajasthan which originates in the Pushkar Valley of Aravalli range near Ajmer and ends in marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarath.
6. In which of the following states of India is located the Chiria iron ore mine complex ?
[A] Bihar
[B] Chhattisgarh
[C] Jharkhand
[D] Uttar Pradesh

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Correct Answer: C [Jharkhand]
7. The asteroid belt is a region of the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of which among the following planets?
[A] Earth & Mars
[B] Mars & Jupiter
[C] Jupiter and Saturn
[D] Saturn and Pluto

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Correct Answer: B [Mars & Jupiter]
Notes:
There is a large gap in between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. This gap is occupied by a large number of small objects that revolve around the Sun. These are called asteroids.
8. Who among the following scholars is associated with Law of Rent?
[A] Richard Jones
[B] Thomas Robert Malthus
[C] David Ricardo
[D] Adam Smith

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Correct Answer: C [David Ricardo]
Notes:
David Ricardo is credited with the first clear and comprehensive analysis of differential land rent and the associated economic relationships (Law of Rent).
9. Four Noble Truths are one of the most fundamental truths of which of the following religion?
[A] Jainism
[B] Buddhism
[C] Islam
[D] Hinduism

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Correct Answer: B [Buddhism]
Notes:
There are four noble truths of Buddhism:
a. The world is full of sorrow
b. Desire is the cause of sorrow
c. If desire is conquered all sorrow is won over
d. Desire can be conquered by following eight fold paths (Ashtangirka Marg)
10. Kena Upanishad is of which of the following Vedas?
[A] Rig Veda
[B] Samaveda
[C] Yajurveda
[D] Atharva veda

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Correct Answer: B [Samaveda]
Notes:
“Ken” literally means ‘by whom’. It belongs to the Talavakara Brahmana of Sama Veda and is therefore also referred to as Talavakara Upanishad.