Before the WWII ended on August 15, 1945, there was a general election in Britain. The election ended with the defeat of Conservative Party of Winston Churchill and now the new Government of Labour Party came into power with Clement Atlee as Prime Minister. The new Secretary of State for India was Sir Pethick Lawrence.
The first major step by this new government was to announce a General Election in India. The last general elections were held in 1936 and now almost a decade later , the whole world had changed. The results of the elections were announced in December 1945. In these elections Congress secured over 91% votes and Muslim league secured all the Muslim seats.
Congress formed the Government with absolute majority in Madras, United provinces, Bihar, Orissa and Central Provinces.
In Punjab it made a coalition Government with Akalis and Unionists.
Muslim League was in majority in Sind and Bengal.