What is Pagri Sambhal Jatta Movement?
Context in Current Affairs: The ongoing farmer protests against the recently legislated farm laws is similar to the farmer protests in 1907. The farmers then protested against three British laws namely Punjab land colonization act, Doab Bari act and the Punjab land alienation act.
In 1879, the British government constructed a Canal to draw water from the Chenab river to Lyallpur (now Faisalabad, Pakistan). The canal was called the Upper Bari Doab canal. This was done to setup settlements in an uninhabited area. Also, the Britishers promised allotment of free land with several amenities. This included ex-serviceman from Amritsar, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur as well. Therefore, the peasants from these districts left behind their land and property and settled in the new areas to make the barren land fit for cultivation. The hardworking farmers quickly made the land fertile. The British government enacted three laws that ultimately declared the Britishers the master of the land and denied the ownership rights of the peasants. The laws reduced the farmers to sharecroppers. They could neither build houses nor fell trees on these lands. The laws also said that if the eldest son died before reaching adulthood, then the land will become the property of Government and not reach the younger son. This led to the Pagri Sambhal Jatta movement
Pagri Sambhal Jatta movement
In 1907, Bhagat Singh’s uncle Ajit Singh Sandhu spearheaded a movement against the laws. This was later called the Pagri Sambhal Jatta movement. Pagri Sambhal Jatta was a song composed by Banke Dayal. He was the editor of Jhang Sayal. The song soon became the anthem of the movement.
Ajit Singh wrote An Autobiography called “Buried Alive”.
Bharat Mata society
It was also called Mehboobane Watan. It was an underground organisation formed by Ajit Singh and his Associates. The main objective of the organisation was to re-enact the revolution of 1857.
The Pagri Sambhal Jatta movement began to spread from the peasants to the Army. And thus, the British government withdrew its laws. It also returned the ownership of the land to the peasants.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Smarak inaugurated in New Delhi
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Smarak was inaugurated in New Delhi by Education Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘...
The Government of India recently announced that the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose...
Supreme Court suspends implementation of Farms Laws
The Supreme Court recently suspended the implementation of three farm laws to end the disagreement b...
‘Putting Farmers First’: Key Points from Government E-Pamphlet
The Government of India recently issued a hundred page e-booklet called “Putting Farmers First”....
October 21: Police Commemoration Day
Every year National Police commemoration Day is observed on October 21. The day is observed to pay h...
Category: India Nation & States Current Affairs
|View All E-Books: Recent Release|