September 15: International Day of Democracy

International Day of Democracy was observed on September 15, 2021, in order to review the state of democracy across the globe.

Theme of the day

Theme of International Day of Democracy for year 2021 is “Strengthening democratic resilience in the face of future crises”.

Background

  • International Day of Democracy was established in 2007 by a resolution passed by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
  • It owes its existence to the Universal Declaration on Democracy, that was adopted on September 15, 1997 by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
  • IPU is an international organisation of national parliaments.
  • Following this, Qatar led efforts to promote this day.
  • Finally, on November 8, 2007, this day was established.
  • UNGA’s resolution of establishing the day is titled as “Support by United Nations system of efforts of governments to promote and consolidate a new or restored democracies.”

Why this day is celebrated on September 15?

IPU had suggested to celebrate this occasion on September 15, every year in order to commemorate the adoption of Universal Declaration on Democracy 10 years ago. First such celebration was held in 2008. Every year, events are organised under an individual theme.

Significance of the day

United Nations notes that, the International Day of Democracy provides an opportunity to review “state of democracy” worldwide. Democracy is a process as a goal which can be made into a reality only with the full participation of international community. Essential elements of democracy include: values of freedom, respect for human rights and holding periodic & genuine elections by universal suffrage.

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