RBI bans FDI establishments from Mauritius-Reasons, Causes, Impacts
The Reserve Bank of India recently said that companies cannot set up Foreign Direct Investment from Mauritius. The apex bank has also banned FDI from jurisdictions similar to Mauritius as they do not comply with the norms set by Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
Mauritius was recently listed in grey list of the FATF.
Why did RBI ban the FDI from Mauritius?
The Reserve Bank banned the FDI from Mauritius due to the following reasons
- To prevent round tripping. Round tripping is common in countries that enjoys tax havens (such as Mauritius). Here, the companies from home country take the route of foreign investment to enjoy tax havens. In other words, shell companies are created in foreign lands.
- To curb Chinese Investments. Several Chinese companies are using Mauritius to enter Indian market at reduced cost.
Lists of FATF
There are two lists of FATF. They are Grey List and Black List.
Grey List consists of countries that support terror funding and money laundering. It serves as warning to the countries because they might enter into black list soon. When a country is unable to handle mushrooming of terror funding and money laundering, they will be put under black list. When a country enters Grey List of FATF, it faces the following problems
- Economic Sanctions from international institutions
- Overall reduction in international trade
- International Boycott
- Difficulties in getting loans from international institutions such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund, etc.
Black List countries are those that support money laundering and terror funding as that of the grey list countries. In addition, they Non-cooperative. In simple words, they refuse to cooperate at international groupings to fix solution to the problems arising due to terrorism in the country. These countries are called the Non-Cooperative Countries.
As of February 2020, only two countries were placed in Black List. They were North Korea and Iran.
Category: International Current Affairs