Nobel prize – Physics
Charles Kao, Willard Boyle and George Smith, fathers of fibre optics and digital imaging, won the 2009 Nobel prize for physics .
Charles K Kao:
- Born in Shanghai in Nov. 1933
- Chinese pioneer in the use of fiber optics in telecommunications.
- Widely regarded as the “Father of Fiber Optic Communications”.
- Shared 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for “groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication
- Credited for first publicly proposing the possibility of practical telecommunications using fibres
WILLARD S. BOYLE:
- Born August 19, 1924 is a Canadian physicist and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device.
- He served in the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Canadian Navy during World War Two but did not see active service.
- Shared Nobel prize 2009 for in Physics for “the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD sensor.
GEORGE E. SMITH:
- Born May 10, 1930., New York.
- An American scientist and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device.
- He was awarded a one-quarter share in the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for “the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD.
- Smith and Boyle invented the charge-coupled device while working at Bell Labs in 1969.
- Smith, working to improve video telephone technology, and Boyle, charged with creating a new semiconductor memory chip for computers, sketched out the basic CCD in an hour or so. In less than a week, they had a working prototype.
- The CCD is a silicon-based integrated circuit that converts light energy into an electronic charge. While not successful as a memory device, the CCD was key to dramatic advances in digital imaging technology.
- CCDs provide video imaging devices a wide range of applications, including broadcasting, digital cameras, endoscopy, desktop videoconferencing, fax machines, and bar code readers.
with inputs from wikipedia . Image via www.theguardian.co.uk