Mizoram witnessing Growth in Pisciculture
Pisciculture means controlled breeding and rearing of fish. Fishery is a sustainable livelihood. It supports about 60 million people in our country. It also contributes to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and have foreign exchange earnings as well. It provides food and nutritional security to the people.
What is in news?
Mizoram is witnessing exponential growth in the pisciculture. According to a report, the total aquaculture production showed a growth rate of around 10% in recent years.
Why There is growth?
- Mizoram is a resourceful state in fisheries. It is because the state is having large freshwater resources.
- Mizoram is endowed with 22 rivers along with hundreds of tributaries.
- It has 24-thousand-hectare area suitable for fish culture.
- Fish culture is being made in 600 hectares in the state.
- The fishery department has accelerated the implementation of programme such as the blue revolution scheme, Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana.
- Under the scheme, department is playing a key role to help the fish farmers double their income.
- Recently, a modern hatchery unit has been set up at Little Galilee in Kolasib district. The production of fish spawn in the unit is estimated at 200 lakhs annually.
For further development, to attain self-sufficiency in pisciculture and to enrich the rural economy, the fisheries department has taken up many initiatives and these are showing a catalytic role for expansion and diversification of fish farming culture.
- Mizoram have state border with Assam, Tripura and Manipur.
- It has its International Border with Myanmar and Bangladesh.
- Highest Point of state is Phawngpui (Blue Mountain).
- Wildlife sanctuary
- Dampa Tiger Reserve,
- Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Khawnglung Wildlife sanctuary,
- Lengteng Wildlife sanctuary,
- Tawi Wildlife sanctuary,
- Thorangtlang Wildlife sanctuary,
- Pualreng Wildlife sanctuary.
- National Park
- Murlen National Park,
- Phawngpui National Park.
- Vantawang Falls is the famous waterfall in the state.
- Tribes seen in Mizoram incudes Chakma, Garo, Hajong, Lakher, Mikir and Synteng.
- Inner Line Permit (ILP) is necessary for Indian citizen to enter Mizoram.
- 50% of the geographical area is under Bamboo cover.