India Human Development Report, 2011
- India Human Development Report is prepared annually by the Institute of Applied Manpower Research.
The latest report was released on October 21 by Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia in the presence of Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh.
The 2011 report says that Human Development Index (HDI) in the country rose by 21 per cent. However, the Human Development Index published in the UNDP Human Development Report 2011 speaks something else.
Some points from IHDI 2011:
- The report places Kerala on top of the index for achieving highest literacy rate, quality health services and consumption expenditure of people. The HDI for Kerala is 0.92.
- HDI ranges from 0.92 for Kerala to 0.41 in the case of Bihar.
- Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Goa were placed at second, third and fourth positions respectively.
- National Average is 0.467
- Health, nutrition and sanitation remained key challenges for India.
- Today, two-thirds of the households in the country reside in pucca (cemented) houses and three-fourth of families has access to electricity for domestic use.
- India’s HDI has registered impressive gains in the last decade as the index increased by 21 per cent to 0.467 in 2007-08, from 0.387 in 1999-2000.
- Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Assam are those states which continue to lag behind in HDI and remain below the national average of 0.467.
- Quantum of improvement in HDI in some of the poor states such as Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Assam was higher than the national average.
- Overall improvement in the index was largely attributed to the 28.5 per cent increase in education index across the country.
- Improvement in the education index was the “greatest” in states like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
- Improvement in the health index, as compared to education, has been lower.
Despite the Right to Education Act, school education faces challenges of quality and employability.
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