GoI new Target: Indian Railways to run 100% on electricity by 2024

On January 27, 2020, the Union Minister Piyush Goyal announced that Indian Railways will run 100% on electricity by 2024. In such case, Indian Railways will be the first Railways to run 100% on electricity. Also, the Indian Railways has planned to make the network zero-emission network by 2030.

Electrification Project

Previously in 2019, the target to run 100% electrified Railways was set to be achieved by 2023. So far, till 2017-18, 4,087 km route had already been electrified. Upon success, the fuel bill will reduce by Rs 13,510 crores.

Current Scenario

Today Indian trains run on diesel or electricity. Around two-third of the freight movement in India is through Indian Railways. At present, Electric traction accounts to 57.91% of energy expenses of Indian Railways (as per November 2019)

Electrification of Railways is also Government’s plan to create 500 GW of renewable energy by 2028.


According to NITI Aayog, the carbon emission from the Indian Railways is around 6.84 million tonnes (2014).