Fact Box: National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP)
Govt. launched a 6-year aspirational agricultural research programme, the National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP).
To fulfill the Govt of India’s objectives as expressed in India’s National Policy on Agriculture (NPA), the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has started National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), which grants high priority to generation and transfer of agricultural technologies, and proposes innovations in the technology system.
Objectives of NAIP:
Overall Objective: To alleviate the accelerated and sustainable transformation of Indian agriculture in support of poverty easing and income generation via cooperative development and application of agricultural innovations by the public organizations in partnership with farmers groups, the private sector and other stakeholders.
- NAIP is planned for 6 years to allow time for piloting, learning and then scaling up wherever possible.
Specific objectives/Components of NAIP:
The NAIP will function through four components:
1. Component 1 – The ICAR as the Catalyzing Agent for the Management of Change in the Indian NARS: To build the critical capacity of the ICAR as a catalyzing agent for management of change of the Indian NARS. Component 1 strengthens the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) as the catalyzing agent for managing change in the Indian National Agricultural Research System (NARS) by focusing on: 1.1 Information, communication and dissemination system; 1.2 Business planning and development; 1.3 Learning and capacity building; 1.4 Policy and gender analysis and visioning; 1.5 Remodeling financial management and procurement systems; and 1.6 Project implementation.
2. Component 2 – Research on Production to Consumption Systems (PCS): To promote production to consumption systems research in priority areas/themes to enhance productivity, nutrition, profitability, income and employment. Thus, Component 2 funds research on production-to-consumption systems.
3. Component 3 – Research on Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security (SRLS): To improve livelihood security of rural people living in selected disadvantaged regions through innovation systems led by technology and encompassing the wider process of social and economic change covering all stakeholders. Thus, Component 3 funds research on sustainable rural livelihood security.
4. Component 4 – Basic and Strategic Research in the Frontier Areas of Agricultural Sciences (BSR): To build capacity and undertake basic and strategic research in strategic areas to meet technology development challenges in the immediate and predictable future. Thus, Component 4 supports basic and strategic research in the frontier areas of agricultural science.
Total Budget for the NAIP:
- The total budget of NAIP is USD 250 million = USD 200 mn World Bank) + USD 50 mn by GoI).
World Bank will fund US $ 200 million as credit (mostly interest free and a part with negligible interest) and USD 50 million by the Government of India.
The NAIP will be carried out in a decentralized mode. The basic introduction in governance in the system is that the enforcing consortia/ institutions will be helped by the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) to work with full freedom and accountability and without intervening controls of the project authority once they have entered into partnership and clear agreements with the ICAR.