Fact Box: HO41 Superbug

Doctors warn of Superbug in Japan deadlier than AIDS
As per doctors, a new sexually-transmitted superbug- antibiotic-resistant strain of gonorrhea HO41 – could ultimately prove to be even more deadly than AIDS.
The superbug- gonorrhoea strain HO41 which was discovered in Japan two years ago, is found to be more aggressive and affects more people quickly. It can cause septic shock and death in a matter of days.
What is a Superbug?

  • Superbug is colloquial name for Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) pathogens usually bacteria.
  • In case of  MDR some (or, less commonly, all) sub-populations of a microorganism, usually a bacterial species, are able to survive after exposure to one or more antibiotics.

Some examples of MDR bacteria:

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • VISA (vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus)
  • VRSA (vancomycin-resistant S. aureus)
  • ESBL (Extended spectrum beta-lactamase)
  • VRE (Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus)



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