Coastal Regulation Zone
The Bombay High Court has set aside the coastal regulation zone (CRZ) clearance which was granted to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) for the construction of coastal road project and ordered for a fresh environmental impact assessment (EIA) to be performed.
Why was the exemption removed?
As per local activists, it was believed that the construction of the road project would lead to the anticipated loss of the direct access to the sea and coastal commons due to the reclamation and loss of coastal resource, habitats, and fish-breeding areas.
What is CRZ?
The coastal regulation zone is defined as the coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations. This was defined under the Environment Protection Act (EPA), 1986 of India and the notification defining the CRZ notification was issued in February 1991. This was done to regulate the activities in the coastal area by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).
What is EIA?
The environmental impact assessment (EIA) is the assessment performed by a multi-disciplinary of the environmental consequences (both positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action of construction, removal or resettlement.The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision-makers consider all the possible environmental impacts while deciding whether or not to proceed with a project.