Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations to be inaugurated
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, will inaugurate the Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations on February 4, 2021. The celebrations will be inaugurated by PM virtually and it will be held in Uttar Pradesh.
- On the occasion, the Prime Minister will also release a postal stamp that will be dedicated to the centenary year of the Chauri Chaura incident.
- The celebrations will also be joined by the families of martyrs and freedom fighters.
- The state-wide celebration will also be held and it will begin from 4th February, the celebration will continue for a year.
Chauri Chaura incident
- The Chauri Chaura incident took place, in British India, on February 4, 1922 at Chauri Chaura. Chauri Chaura is a place in Gorakhpur district of the modern Uttar Pradesh.
- In the incident a large group of protesters who were participated in the Non-cooperation movement clashed with police and the police opened fire on them.
- In return, the protestors attacked and set fire to a police station.
- This incident led to the killing of all of its occupants.
- In the incident, three civilians and 22 policemen were died.
- Those protesters were protesting in the light of “Non-Cooperation Movement” called by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Following the incident, Mahatma Gandhi halted the non-co-operation movement on February 12, 1922.
This movement was launched on September 4, 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement was started with the aim of self-governance and obtaining full independence or Purna Swaraj. This was started in the light of withdrawal of the support by Indian National Congress (INC) for British reforms following the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Rowlatt Act of March 1919
This act was passed to suspend the rights of political prisoners in sedition trials. This act motivated Mahatma Gandhi to follow the idea of satyagraha (truth).