Analysis of the India s Food and Nutrition Security

Published: June 26, 2019

The analysis of India s food and nutrition security prepared by the UN World Food Programme in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation makes the following observations:

  • Child stunting which is a measure of chronic malnutrition has reduced at a rate of about 1% per year in India over the last decade. This was the slowest decline among emerging economies.
  • If this trend continues 31.4% of children will still be stunted by the 2022 deadline.
  • India is required to double its rate of progress to reach the target of 25% by 2022.
  • Even though the food grain yields have risen by over 33% in the last two decades, they are still only half of 2030 target yields.
  • Even though the Indian farmer is producing more foodgrains than ever before, making the country self-sufficient, the consumer s access to rice, wheat and other cereals has not increased at the same rate, due to population growth, inequality, food wastage and losses, and exports.
  • The average per capita consumption among the poorest 30% of the population was 1811 kilocalories. This was much lower than the norm of 2155 kilocalories per day.
  • There was a wide range of disparity among states. Whereas in states like Bihar (48%) and Uttar Pradesh (46%), almost one in two children are stunted, while it is only one in five children in Kerala and Goa (20% each).
  • Further, there were a high rate of stunting among children in the poorest wealth quintile (51.4%), Scheduled Tribes (43.6%) and Scheduled Castes (42.5%), and children born to mothers with no education (51%).

The report undertook a baseline analysis of India s progress in achieving the second Sustainable Development Goal to end hunger.

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