107th Bihar Diwas
Bihar Diwas was celebrated on March 22nd across the state to commemorate the day when Bihar was carved out of the Bengal Presidency in the year 1912. March 22nd 2019 was the 107th foundation day of the state.
Bihar and Bengal Presidency
The British East India Company emerged victorious in the Battle of Buxar fought against the combined army of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal King Shah Alam II.
After the Battle, Mughals, as well as the Nawabs of Bengal, lost the effective control over the territories which constituted the province of Bengal, which currently comprises Bangladesh, and the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha. The British East India Company was accorded the diwani rights to administer the collection and management of revenues of the province of Bengal.
In 1911 when the capital of then British India was shifted to Delhi, the Bengal Presidency was split into four sabhas Bengal, Orissa, Bihar and Assam.
The government of Bihar which was looking for a commemorative event in Bihar’s history that could become the state’s official day of celebration, chose March 22nd the day Bihar was carved out of Bengal Presidency as Bihar Diwas. Bihar Diwas was first celebrated on a large-scale in 2010. Bihar Diwas was the brainchild of then chief minister Nitish Kumar.