Modern Indian History

Faraizi Movement

Haji Shariatullah founded the Faraizi Movement in 1818. The objective of the movement was: to spread the new found realizations of Shariatullah about Islam; following the Fard. Fard is the religious duty commanded by Allah. The movement gained popularity during the British rule mainly among the Muslims in Bengal. Shariatullah felt that Islam got degraded […]

What were the main reasons for India’s defeat in the 1962 war against China?

There were several causes of India’s defeat in the hands of China in 1962. It is believed that the Chinese troops entered the North East Frontier Agency or present Arunachal Pradesh without giving much notice in advance. The area was evacuated within a very short period of time and definitely the permanent loss of Aksai […]

Who was Cornelia Sorabji?

Cornelia Sorabji (1866–1954) was first female advocate in India and first woman to practice law in India and Britain. She was also the first woman graduate from Bombay University and first Indian national to study and graduate at a British (Oxford) university. Cornelia was born in Nashik to Reverend Sorabji Karsedji and Francina Ford. Her father […]

Who was Anasuya Sarabhai?

Anasuya Sarabhai was a leader of Ahmedabad Mill Strike. As a founder of Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association, she is the pioneer of labour movement in India. Anasuya was born in Ahmedabad on 11 November 1885 into industrialist Sarabhai family. He parents had died when she was nine year old and she was taken care of by her brother […]

Who were the first Europeans to start trade with India?

Portuguese were the first Europeans to start trade with India. After the fall of Ottoman Empire and capture of Constantinople in 1453 it became difficult for Europeans to trade with India via land route. So they searched for new sea route and in 1498, Vasco da Gama of Portugal discovered new sea route via Cape […]

Why Rabindranath Tagore surrendered his title to British?

Due to Jallianwala Bagh massacre (happened in 13th April 1919) incident, Rabindranath Tagore surrendered his title to British. Rabindranath Tagore got Knighthood from King George-V in 1915 for his contribution to literature. Later in 1919, he renounced knighthood for the inhuman act of British in Jallianwala Bagh. Due to same reason Gandhi returned the Kaiser-i-Hind […]

Who was first Indian woman to receive a medical doctorate degree?

The first woman to receive a medical doctorate degree was Anandibai Joshee in 1885. She qualified as a doctor is USA. She was also among first two Indian women who were trained in western medicine. The other was Kadambini Ganguly, a Graduate of Bengal Medical College. Anandibai Joshee was also the first woman to travel […]

What was Ahmedabad Mill Strike, 1918?

Ahmedabad Mill Strike, 1918 was one of the initial movements led by Gandhi in the beginning of 20th century after his return from South Africa. It was one of the formative events in the political career of Mahatma Gandhi. Background Ahmadabad was the second largest city of Bombay Presidency and was a long established commercial […]


What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857?

The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. By this time, the East India Company had evolved […]


What were reasons and outcome of Third Anglo Mysore War?

Tipu Sultan was hostile towards the British since the beginning. Mangalore Treaty of 1784, which was signed on the end of the Second Anglo Mysore war had an article regarding transfer of the Prisoners. Tipu did not honor this and kept the British prisoners with him. This was one of the reasons of the hostility. […]