Medieval Indian History

Chauth and Sardeshmukhi

Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were two types of taxes collected in South India, particularly Maratha Empire during medieval times. These two taxes became important sources of revenue for Maratha administration. However, Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were neither introduced by Marathas nor were original sources of revenue for them. Background In 1664 and 1670, Shivaji had organized two