Ancient History

Chola

As per the traditions, the Chola Country or Cholamandalam was the area bound on the North by the Pennar, South by the Vellaru River, at Eastern Coast of Bay of Bengal from Nellore and Pudukottai to west until Coorg. Its most ancient capital was Uraiyur, near the Trichurapalli in Tamil Nadu. Therefore, the heartland was

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Later Cholas

From 1070 AD till 1279 AD, is the period assigned to the later Cholas. During this time, the Chola Empire reached its Zenith and became the “Most Powerful Country” of the world. These Cholas colonized the South East Asian Countries and had the most powerful army and navy of the world at that time. Trouble

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Medieval Cholas

From the Third century AD to 9th Century AD is the interregnum in the Chola History. The Chola hegemony over Pandyas and Cheras was lost after the close of the Sangam Era and south India was disturbed by the predatory activities of the Kalabhras. Kalabras was probably a tribal clan from the Deccan and they

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Rajaraja Chola III

When Rajaraja Chola III (1216-1256 AD), son of Kulothunga Chola III came into power in July 1216, the Chola Kingdom had reduced to a very small territory compared to the earlier Cholas. In the graphic, the green shaded area shows the territories of Rajaraja Chola III in 1246 AD, 10 years prior to his demise.His

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Kulothunga Chola III

Kulothunga Chola III (1178- 1218 AD)was able to crush the Pandyas in Madurai, Cheras of Venad, Hoysalas of Mysore as well as the Sinhala Kings of Sri Lanka. The century took a turn and a Pandya vassal of Chola Empire named Jatavarman Kulasekaran I ascended to the Madura Throne in 1290, turned rebel to Cholas.

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Kulotthunga Chola-I

Kulotthunga Chola-I (1070 – 1120 AD) Rajendra Chola I, the great Gangaikonda had a daughter named Ammanaga Devi. She had been given in marriage to the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi king Rajaraja Narendra. The offspring of this union was Rajendra Chola or Rajendra Chalukya who later became Kulotthunga-I. Kulotthunga literally means the “upraiser of fame

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Virarajendra Chola

Virarajendra Chola was a significant Chola ruler who reigned from 1063-1070 AD. He was younger brother of Rajendra Chola II and Rajadhiraja Chola. We see that in a span of around 18-20 years, there was a rapid succession in the Chola Kings as three brothers ruled one after another. This gave an opportunity to Someshwara-I

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Rajadhiraja Chola

Rajadhiraja Chola (1018-1059 AD)was declared crown prince / Co-regent as early as 1018 AD during time of his father Rajendra Chola I. He ruled with full regal status and was leader of the most of the military conquests of his father including that of Ceylon. He emphasized his claim to a paramount power by performing

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Rajendra Chola -I

Rajendra Chola I succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I in 1014 AD and reigned till 1044 AD. He was an able son and prince. He continued the ambitious career of his father and added more and more territories to the Chola Dominions. The powerful standing army and a great navy organized under Rajaraja Chola I

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Rajaraja Chola I

The birth name of Rajaraja Chola-I was Arulmozhi varman. He was also known as Arunmozhi udayar Periya Udayar. The 30 year period of the Dynastic intrigue was put to an end by Rajaraja Chola I. He was such an able King that for the period of next 20 years, he achieved so many victories that

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