What is DMPA? What are various concerns about the same in India? Discuss.

Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DPMA) is an injectable contraceptive drug for women. DMPA is progestin-only, injectable contraceptive method. It is injected either to arms or the buttocks. The DMPA shot is to be given every three months and fertility returns after four monthsof its discontinuation. It is one of the cheapest methods available for contraception.
It is however reported that the use of DMPA leads to many health problems in women including menstrual irregularity, demineralisation of bones, abdominal bloating and discomfort, mood changes, decreased sex drive, etc.
There are also concerns expressed about using injectable contraceptives as a tool to target the growth of Muslim population in the country.
There are legitimate concerns about their use but these concerns are equally
applicable to other available contraceptive methods. However, the side-effects are out-weighed by the benefits with use of contraceptives in preventing unsafe abortions and unintended pregnancies.
Hence the concerns should not hinder the introduction of new methods of contraceptives.

Question for UPSC Mains:
What is DMPA? What are various concerns about the same in India? Discuss.

Published: March 17, 2016 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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