What are the roadblocks that make India's efforts futile to become a trans-shipment hub? Do you think that policy logjam is more responsible than geography? Justify in the light of recent events.

India has vast possibilities in the field of trade and communication. Indian peninsula is unique physical feature of India which resulted in naming an ocean on name of India, i.e., Indian Ocean. And this unique feature can result in making India an important Industrial hub and one of the biggest terminals for increasing shipment services in the World. but there are certain roadblocks that are coming in its way.
Some of the roadblocks that make India’s efforts futile to become a trans-shipment hub are:

  1. Lack of political will.
  2. Lack of Proper implementation and allocation of funds and resources in projects targeted for such purposes.
  3. Lack of understanding between the Central and State governments (those are sea-shore states).
  4. Not proper upgradation of ports with increasing stress of containers on ports.
  5. Lack better connectivity between ports and other modes of transports such as roads and railways.
  6. Lack of transportation and evacuation of goods from hinterland.

   Most of the ports that are facing such roadblocks are those ports that are handled by the Government and these ports handle most of the containers. There are 12 ports that are handled by the Government.
For solving such issues, Central Government has launched the “Sagarmala Project“. This project is aimed at developing ports directly or indirectly. This project is expected to develop these ports into hubs that will support increasing needs of storage and transportation of goods and services. But there must be proper regulation of such projects to be successful and effective. Otherwise, India will not be able to reap good results out of its exceptional geographical features. China can be seen as a good example for India to develop into better trans-shipment hub.      

Question for UPSC Mains:
What are the roadblocks that make India's efforts futile to become a trans-shipment hub?  Do you think that policy logjam is more responsible than geography? Justify in the light of recent events.

Published: December 30, 2016 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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