What are the main causes of underdevelopment of India? Do you think that India is still an underdeveloped country?

Hint:
Causes of Underdevelopment
Unemployment; Poverty; child marriage; Injustice; High population growth rate; illiteracy; Corruption; High Dependence on Agriculture; Economic inequality; Corruption; Lack of structural, institutional and technical change.
India though has made progress since Independence, but the country’s economy is still characterized with low per capita income when compared to many other countries of world like Japan and USA; Low standard of living; income inequality; excessive dependence of agriculture; lack of industrialization etc..So, India can be called an underdeveloped economy.

Question for UPSC Mains:
What are the main causes of underdevelopment of India? Do you think that India is still an underdeveloped country?

Published: February 7, 2016 | Modified:June 27, 2019

Comments

  • Stephan
    Reply

    Reliance on religion rather than humanity directs behaviour toward fantasy over logic

  • Haresh Patel
    Reply

    Most of the reasons cited are actully the results of underdevelopment. Other reasons like not relevant at this time. High population combined with limited resources are the basic reasons. The third reason is failure of Indian Engineers to innovate or even to copy the rest of the developed world. There is corruption for sure but removing it will not remove the root cause. All the other social issues like child marriages, religion scams etc are also not relevant.
    Education is not a problem because there are too many educated people with no opportunities.

  • Haresh Patel
    Reply

    correction to my reply.
    Other reasons like not should be “other reasons like corruption”