What are Foundation Seeds, Breeders Seeds and Certified Seeds? Examine the importance of Breeder's seeds in seed development and multiplication.

Hint: Breeder seed is produced in isolation from nucleus seed by a certified breeder. Foundation seed is the offspring of the Breeder seed which can be clearly traced to Breeder seed. The offspring of foundation seed , further certified is Certified seed. Certified seed is the actual seed that reaches to a farmer. It must meet the standards of seed certification prescribed in the Indian Minimum Seeds Certification Standards, 1988.

Question for UPSC Mains:
What are Foundation Seeds, Breeders Seeds and Certified Seeds? Examine the importance of Breeder’s seeds in seed development and multiplication.

Published: October 28, 2015 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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