The debate on simultaneous elections is useful and could throw up other reforms to cleanse the electoral process. Comment.

The debate about the �one nation, one election� has again resurfaced. BJP has raised the issue for last 5 years to develop a method of holding the Assembly and Lok Sabha elections together. This will bring down the election expenditure also introduce certain amount of stability for State Governments. There are a huge number of demerits involved when one election follows another and the country stays in continuous election mode. PM has recently stated that having all the Parliamentary, Assembly, Civic and Panchayat polls once in every five years in a span of one month will help save many resources, manpower and money. PM has also stated that the whole election process happens by mobilizing a huge section of the security forces, political machinery and even bureaucracy for nearly 200 days every year due to elections. The government is trying to strike consensus with other parties. Some of the reasonable concerns regarding this are:
� Elections have become increasingly costlier every day. It is said that the 2019 elections was the most expensive as per the records with a total expense of Rs. 60,000.
� Frequent election process hampers the functioning of the government and also causes disruption to civic life due to the Model Code of Conduct which comes into play as and when the election results are announced by the EC. This clearly means that no new schemes can be announced by the government during this period. This often leads to policy paralysis. No new appointments can be made during this period.
� Also elections usually enumerate the feelings of casteism and corruption and thus frequency will ensure that the country will have no respite from these.
However, there are some genuine hurdles like there is no solution for the scenario when there is pre-mature dissolution of Lok Sabha, also stopping the frequency of elections means that the government will not have to be continuously accountable to the people for next five years.

Published: June 19, 2019 | Modified:December 1, 2019

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