In various parts of India, one or the other animal species are used as part of either tradition or for entertainment purpose. In this context, critically examine the issues arising out of cruelty against animals.

In various parts of India, one or the other animal species are used as part of either tradition or for entertainment purpose. In that process, the animals are put to torture and in some cases denied their basic needs.
For instance, in parts of Maharashtra around Pune, yoked pairs of bullocks are
forced to race down. Bullfights are conducted illegally in Goa under the name of Dhirio. Many of the annual harvest festivals – Pongal, Makar Sankranti, Lohri, Magh Bihu – includes animal fighting. In Andhra Pradesh, cockfighting is conducted illegally. In Assam, bulbul fights are conducted. Dogfights are popular in Haryana and Punjab. Often these fights also involve illegal betting.
India has witnessed progression of rights for various communities be it women or children. Animal rights are the next to be enforced. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals act makes it illegal if anyone subjects animals to unnecessary pain or suffering. Even Indian courts have ruled in favour of rights of animals. But traditionalists want lawmakers to legalise them so that courts cannot intervene.
Article 51A(g) of the Indian Constitution, states that it is our duty to show “compassion for all living creatures”.
Adherence to this article in letter and spirit can go a long way in protecting animal rights similar to the protection of human rights.

Question for UPSC Mains:
In various parts of India, one or the other animal species are used as part of either tradition or for entertainment purpose. In this context, critically examine the issues arising out of cruelty against animals.

Published: March 17, 2016 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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