For UN reforms India will have to expand its diplomatic capital and need to balance its national interest along with responsibilities as rising power. Discuss.

In order to promote co-operation and prevent further conflict like the world war, United nation was formed in 1945.The major issue with UN is that it still represents the world of that period and it does nor reflects present global geopolitical realities. Also, various regions are inadequately represented for example Asia-Pacific region which have around 55% of the world’s population but represents only 20% (out of 15 only 3 seats are for Asia Pacific) of security council seats.
Since the end of the Cold War, India has played an active role to push for reforms to make United Nations more representative. India and other nations group like G4 need to push for reforms.  However, the real challenge is how to operationalize these reforms. The decision-making in UN is distributed leading to often competing and contradictory views and interests. For example, China and Russia did not attend the UN meeting on reforms.
India, along with various other nations, has been skeptical of the slow pace of process of reforms. India needs to expand its diplomatic capital and should involve nations from South America, Africa and Asia for active co-operation for reforms.
Apart from that India needs to balance between India’s national interest and its roles and responsibility as an aspiring global power to maintain global peace and stability. For example, India cannot be a mute spectator in Rohingya Crisis and India should persuade Myanmar through diplomatic means to resolve the matter.
UN reforms are a long-drawn process and India along with other nations need to work on a collaborative strategy to negotiate UNSC reforms.

Question for UPSC Mains:
"For UN reforms India will have to expand its diplomatic capital and need to balance its national interest along with responsibilities as rising power." Discuss. Live Mint

Published: September 23, 2017 | Modified:June 22, 2019

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