For a new party contesting in election, registration as National party is a stepping stone. Discuss the criteria of being a national party and benefits related to this.

Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 governed the registration of Political parties.
Criteria for being a National Political Party:

  • It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly
  • It wins at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or States OR
  • It wins at least two percent seats in the House of the People and these members are elected from at least three different States

Criteria for being a State Political Party:

  • It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in the State at a general election, either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned
  • In addition, it wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned. OR
  • It wins at least three percent of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State, or at least three seats in the Assembly, whichever is more

Benefits:

  • If a party is recognised as a State Party,�it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its�reserved symbolto the candidates set up by it in the State in which it is so recognised,
  • If a party is recognised as a National Party, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India
  • Recognised `State� and `National� parties need only�one proposerfor filing the nomination
  • Parties are also�entitled for�two sets of electoral rollsfree of cost�at the time of revision of rolls
  • Political parties are entitled to nominate Star Campaigners during General Elections.
  • A recognized National or State party can have a maximum of 40 Star campaigners and a registered un-recognised party can nominate a maximum of 20 Star Campaigners.

The Election Commission of India has declared the�National People�s Party�as a national party. This made the NPP the first from the north-eastern region to earn the status.
 

Published: June 8, 2019 | Modified:December 1, 2019

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