Explain why Mussolini launched the 'Battle for Births' in 1927.

The Battle for Births was launched in 1927 by Mussolini because Italy was aiming to become a great power and 40 million population was not enough to provide enough soldiers to help realise that dream. The campaign Battle for Births was launched to increase the population of Italy from 40 million in 1927 to 60 million in 1950. This was to be achieved by increasing the birth rate.
Taxes were imposed on unmarried men and tax incentives, waivers and employment opportunities were given to the members of large family. Mussolini specified 12 as ideal number for family members.
This campaign resulted in failure as young couples were not attracted towards the tax benefit package and the birth rate remained low.

Question for UPSC Mains:
Explain why Mussolini launched the 'Battle for Births' in 1927.

Published: March 19, 2017 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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