Explain why Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidential election of 1932. How successful were the New Deal policies in relieving the depression in rural areas During the years 1933 to 1941?

As the Hoover’s Republican government failed to address the unemployment by creating more jobs as it was against it because he believed that it would create dependency culture. On the other hand, the promising speeches and new deal ideas of Roosevelt to overcome the depression became popular and he won the election of 1932.
Initially, the New Deal policies helped USA to come out of Depression as it provided relief for the affected and jobless people by creating millions of extra jobs and Welfare Benefits like Social Security Act of 1935 along with national direction of resources and collective bargaining between industrialists and workers.
But, the New Deal was not completely successful for example the Farmers’ Relief Act, it provided relief for some farmers but it threw some farmers out of the work as during drought in some states like Kansas, Texas etc. Supreme Court also opposed some provisions of New Deal. When the government reduced the spending on industries in 1938 the country underwent recession. And the job creation was mostly due to the war as the production of armaments increased. So, it can be said that the New Deal was not completely successful as some of its provisions were failure.

Question for UPSC Mains:
Explain why Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidential election of 1932. How successful were the New Deal policies in relieving the depression in rural areas During the years 1933 to 1941?

Published: March 21, 2017 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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