"Dr. B R Ambedkar single handedly struggled for the upliftment of the dalits and the downtrodden low castes, giving them social equality, self respect and political empowerment."Critically analyze his role throwing light on the movements he led.

I  like  the  religion  that  teaches  liberty,  equality  and  fraternity“-  thus  said  Dr. Ambedkar  who  lived  by  his  thought  in  letter  and  spirit  always  working  for  the upliftment  and  betterment  of  the  downtrodden. 
For  this,  his  struggle  started  in 1924  with  the  formation  of  Bahishkrit  Hitakarini  Sabha  wherein  he  concentrated on  removing  difficulties  of  the  untouchables  and  placing  their  grievances  before government.   Through   this   organization,   he   promoted   education   among   the Depressed Class by opening Hostels and other means. During Mahad Satyagraha, 1927  he fought  almost  alone  to  make  the  public facilities  accessible  to  the  Dalits. Similarly,  the  temple  entry  movements  in  1930s  helped  entry  of  Dalits  in  the temples  which  were  hitherto  forbid  for  the  lower  caste  people. 
Via  the  All  India Depressed  Classes  Association he  demanded  safeguards  for  the  downtrodden untouchables and pleaded for direct representation in the councils in proportion to the strength of depressed community. In   all   these   struggles,   we   find   he   fought   almost   singlehandedly.  
The   14th amendment  of  US  constitution,  which  granted  freedom  to  Negroes;  activities  of Booker T. Washington and pragmatism of John Dewey worked as driving forces and influences to shape his struggle. The influence of Kabir, Buddha and Jyotiba Phule gave him strength to strive for anti-Brahmanism and socio-economic upliftment of Dalits. (209 words)

Question for UPSC Mains:
“Dr. B R Ambedkar single handedly struggled for the upliftment of the dalits and the downtrodden low castes, giving them social equality, self respect and political empowerment.” Critically analyze his role throwing light on the movements he led.

Published: March 17, 2016 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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