Monsoon forest and midlatitude deciduous forest are both deciduous but for different reasons. Compare the characteristics of these two formation classes and their climates

Deciduous forests are those which have trees that shed their leaves for some part of the year. The following table compares the Monsoon forest and midlatitude deciduous forest climates and forests.

ForestMonsoonMid-Latitude
ClimateMonsoon type of climate with long dry season and short season of heavy rainfall

Located beyond the equatorial region between 10◦ and 25 ◦ and North and South of the equator.
Temperate deciduous forests are located in the mid-latitude areas. They experience four seasons. The temperature varies widely from season to season with cold winters and hot, wet summers. The average yearly temperature is about 10°C.

-30°C to 30°C, average is 10°C, hot summers, cold winter

They have 75-150 cm rainfall distributed throughout the year.
Reason for Shedding leavesThey receive moisture only for short duration while experience high temperature hence shed leaves to prevent moisture loss. They experience new growth during monsoon/rainy season.Trees at this latitude shed leaves during fall when they prepare for harsh winters. The trees go into dormancy for this time.
RegionsIndia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh.Canada , Europe, China, Japan
VegetationEbony, Mahogany, Teak etcBroadleaf trees (oaks, maples, beeches), shrubs etc.

Question for UPSC Mains:
Monsoon forest and midlatitude deciduous forest are both deciduous but for different reasons. Compare the characteristics of these two formation classes and their climates

Published: September 19, 2017 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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