Monsoon forest and midlatitude deciduous forest are both deciduous but for different reasons. Compare the characteristics of these two formation classes and their climates

A deciduous forest loses its leaves seasonally. In the world environment, there are different region wise deciduous forests i.e. temperate deciduous forests, tropical and subtropical deciduous forests that are also known as dry forests. The forest is sometimes called broad-leaf forests because of their wide, flat leaves.

Characteristics

  • The monsoon type of climate has the characteristics of a long dry season and short rainy season that is Located beyond the equatorial region between 10 deg to 25 deg and North and South of the equator. Temperate deciduous forests are found in the mid-latitude areas that experience four seasons i.e. cold winters and hot, wet summers. The average yearly temperature is about 10 deg and the average yearly rainfall is 75-150 cm.
  • The monsoon forest receives moisture only for a short duration and experiences high temperature hence shed leaves to prevent the loss of moisture. They experience new growth during the rainy season. The trees at mid-latitude shed leaves during fall when they prepare for harsh winters. The trees go into dormancy for this time.
  • Monsoon forests are found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and mid-latitude forests are found in Canada, Europe, China, Japan.
  • Ebony, Mahogany, Teak are the type of monsoon forests, and oaks, maples, beeches are the types of mid-latitude forest.

Comparing their characteristics, it is clear that the Monsoon forest and mid-latitude deciduous forest are both deciduous but due to different reasons.

Question for UPSC Mains:
Monsoon forest and midlatitude deciduous forest are both deciduous but for different reasons. Compare the characteristics of these two formation classes and their climates

Published: September 19, 2017 | Modified:September 15, 2020

Comments