"Although Green revolution led to increased production and economic betterment of the well to do farmers, but at several fronts, our political and institutional dispensation failed miserably." Discuss critically.

Improved dwarf varieties needed more inputs including water, chemical fertilizers, pesticides etc. But the Integrated Pest Management and Integrated Nutrient Management should have been followed simultaneously. This is where, the government failed. The seed companies launched massive sales compaigns but inordinate use of pesticides, fertilizers and groundwater degraded the soil.  Further, there was no coherence between institutional credit, price support system and cost of inputs, that led to growth in peasant indebtedness. Result are visible today.

Question for UPSC Mains:
“Although Green revolution led to increased production and economic betterment of the well to do farmers, but at several fronts, our political and institutional dispensation failed miserably." Discuss critically.

Published: October 27, 2015 | Modified:June 27, 2019

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