GS-II: International Relations

Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Rohingyas are the ethnic minority in Rakhine state of Myanmar. These people follow Islam religion. Rohingya are termed as one of the most persecuted minority in the world by UN (United Nation). Their numbers is around 800,000 in Myanmar. Around 1 Lakh of these are living in refugee camps for…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Historically, India was seen as a poor developing country with a low visibility on global politico-economical front.  All western powers including United States saw India as a local / regional power in South Asia without any global weight. Over the years, this perception has changed to a great extent. How…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Historically, the relations between India and US have alternative trends of warmth and thaw in bilateral relations. Several factors that undermined the relation of India US were as follows: India-Pakistan Relations was one of the important barometers of relations of either country with United States. Successive American administrations concerned only…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In 2005, India and USA had agreed to work towards full civil nuclear cooperation and strengthen the nuclear non proliferation regime. US agreed to provide India access to the nuclear reactor building technology but it was on some conditions. One such condition was that India will need to separate its…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

On 20 September 2015, The Interim Constitution of Nepal was replaced by a new Constitution. This monograph deals with the past, present and future around this topic.Historical BackgroundNepal is an immensely diverse country by geography, ethnicity, language, religion as well as caste. In epic times, it was ruled by ethnic…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

India's formal cooperation with US in the area of defence started in January 1995, when the Agreed Minute on Defense Relations between the two nations was signed. This led to the establishment of a Defence Policy Group (DPG). Defence Policy Group worked as apex institutional dialogue mechanism for Defence Cooperation…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

India’s stand on signing the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty (CTBT) raises many questions on India’s intent to make the world nuclear weapon free. However India’s argument places the treaty as discriminatory and finds it weak in its present format with the mighty nuclear nations not ratifying the treaty. Historical…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

On 25 September 2015, the United Nations has adopted the resolution on "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", which has 169 targets in 17 goals called Sustainable Development Goals. These goals are legally non-binding and have succeeded the eight MDGs, which were adopted in 2000 for fifteen…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Totalization agreements are international social security agreements that eliminate dual social security taxation, both in the home country and the country where an employee works. Once it is signed it would benefit workers of both the countries. What is a Social Security Agreement (SSA)? A social security agreement (SSA) refers to…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In October 2015, the Union Cabinet has approved the Revised Cost Estimate (RCE) of Rs.2904 Crores for Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport  project. The completion of KMTT project will play a major role in economic development of the North-East India and it will improve the bilateral relations between India and…