GS-I: Indian Society & Social Issues

Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Social movement is defined as an organized effort by a group of people to bring or resist change in the society. These movements make use of protest, confrontation or conflict as tools to bring changes in the traditional structures and social relationships. Women’s movements are a variant of social movement…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Though women were actively engaged in the struggle for independence, some of the women leaders took a stand that women’s organisations should be away from party politics in 1930. They were concerned more with the social issues rather than the political issues. They decided so as British government’s help was…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In the post-independence period, there were several initiatives which worked for the emancipation of women. The prominent ones were related to the constitutional provisions and social legislation for women. The Constitution of India adopted the principle of equality in the Fundamental Rights Resolution of the Karachi Congress. Article 15(3) incorporated…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (1903-1988) was a freedom fighter, social reformer and was driving force behind renaissance of Indian handicrafts, handlooms and theatre in post-independence India. She was born in Mangalore in 1903 in an orthodox aristocratic family. She was married off at 14 years but widowed two years later. When she was…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Section 377 of the Indian penal code defines unnatural offences. The section reads as follows:  “Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished”. This section is there in IPC since it was introduced by Lord Macaulay in 1860. One…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Surrogacy is when another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couple who want to have a child but medical condition of the couple makes it impossible or dangerous to get pregnant and to give birth. The type of medical conditions that might make surrogacy necessary include…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In 2005, the Maharashtra government had adopted the Maharashtra Police (Amendment) Bill 2005 amending the Bombay Police Act, 1951, banning "holding of performance or dance of any kind" at "eating house, permit rooms or beer bars" across the state on the grounds of obscenity and that it was promoting prostitution. The amendment declared…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In December 2016, the Supreme Court has ordered cinema halls to mandatorily play the national anthem before every screening and all those present in cinema halls have to “stand up to show respect.” This judgement says that such practice would instil a feeling of committed patriotism and nationalism; and should…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The National Commission for Women is a statutory body established in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. This commission was for the first time recommended by Committee on Status of Women in India in 1974 and then successive commissions and committees. Mandate The mandate of this…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Concept of Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat (PMLA) was evolved by National Commission for Women (NCW) to supplement the efforts of district legal services authority (DLSA) for redressal and speedy disposal of matters related to family and marriage issues. The key objectives of PMLA include: To provide speedy and cost free…