GS-II: Indian Polity & Constitution

Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) was established by the Union government of India by amending the constitution of India through the 99th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2014. The amendment act was passed by both the houses of Parliament with two-thirds of majority in August, 2014. Along with the amendment act,…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Right to privacy is the most cherished right in any civilized society. Owing to technological revolution, the concern for privacy has become greater than at any time in recent history. The speed with which information today is produced, collected and analyzed, has redefined the “definition of personal data”. For instance,…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Uniform Civil Code refers to replacing the personal laws (based on religious scriptures and customs) with a common set of governing rules for all citizens of India. British Era In 1840s, the British Government had framed the uniform laws related to crimes, evidences and contract (on the basis of a…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Traditionally MFIs in India are serving the ‘unbanked’ rural India. Presently, the microfinance industry in India is serving more than 37 million customers. Though MFIs have started serving the rural India, in the recent past, it is observed that there is a shift from rural India to urban India. According…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

In a departure from the past, the present NDA government is stressing on the need to leverage the potential of cooperative and competitive federalism for achieving all round inclusive development in India. It is in this context we need to examine the concepts of cooperative and competitive federalism and the…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Article 312 in the Indian Constitution provides that if Rajya Sabha passes a resolution with special majority, a new all India services can be created by passing a law. All India Services do include All Indian Judicial Service. The article makes it clear that the all-India judicial service shall not…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The Competition Commission of India (CCI) was set up to replace the anachronistic Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission (MRTPC). It was established to eliminate practices that adversely affect competition in different industries/areas and protect interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade. The Competition Act of 2002 called for…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Since independence, on several occasions, the judges of the Supreme Court of India have expressed dissenting opinions on reforming the law as well as correcting errors of the majority of the opinion in the judgments. The dissenting opinion strengthens the value of free speech and expression when it is used…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The Indian penal Code (IPC) has several Sections that make the promotion of enmity in society a criminal offence. These sections include Section 153A, Section 153B, Section 295A, and Section 505. However, there is a growing criticism of these sections due to their misuse against creative, literary, and academic work…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The courts in India are criticised on the ground that they often invoke the provisions of contempt of court to punish expressions of dissent, even when such expressions are not causing any threat to the administration of justice. When the law of contempt of court was introduced in India? The…