GS-II: Governance

Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The constitution of India has established an integrated judicial system with Supreme Court at the top and High Courts for states. Under a high courts, there is a hierarchy of subordinate courts viz. district courts and other lower courts. This single system of courts, adopted from the government of India…
Last modified: Mar 25, 2018

The UPA Government had initiated the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) project in 2009 as part of its police modernisation programme under the national e-governance project. It was conceived to bring all 16,000 police stations in India under a single network to counter terror challenges. Objectives of CCTNS The…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Indian judicial system is reeling under a back-breaking load of 3 Crore pending cases in various levels of the courts across the country. Urgent steps need to be taken to address the situation and at the current pace it will take about 300 years to clear the backlog. Key facts…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

More than one third of India's laborers are migrant workers. Since there is no  facility of postal ballot for anyone other than the government servants posted on election duty, a large number of migrant workers are unable the exercise this constitutional right. If someone wants to vote, all would be…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Currently, India depends on imports for more than 80% of its crude oil needs. Most of these imports come from Middle East. The demand for crude oil is unlikely to go down in near future. Further, since India is also a regional refining hub, we import more crude than our…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Community policing of late has become an important pillar of law enforcement across the world. It is practiced in different forms and with varying results in different countries. Community Participation A community refers to a social unit in a geographical area which shares common values, cultures and concerns. Community participation…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Janamaithri Suraksha Project was launched in 2008 as a flagship community policing project in Kerala. Objectives of this project include prevention of crimes, furthering co-operation and mutual understanding between police and community and furthering mutual co-operation among citizenry. How the scheme is implemented? Janamaithri Suraksha Samithi is implemented at police…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

Community policing like any other initiative also suffers from some inherent problems and limitations. Organizing community participation has never been an easy task as it involves addressing multi-faceted issues such as motivating the members of the community, managing doubts, harmonizing divergent interests, containing structures of vested interests and team building.…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The first week of February, Niti Aayog had come up with a list of nodal ministries and key programmes of the government that would help India work towards attaining the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a time bound manner. What is there in list? The list comprises Targets to…
Last modified: Jan 08, 2018

The Indus river system comprises of three western rivers viz. Jhelum, Chenab and Indus; and three eastern rivers viz. Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. In 1960, the Indus Water Treaty was signed between India and Pakistan. This treaty provided that three eastern rivers are allocated to India for exclusive use before…