Target 2017: General Studies Mains Study Material

We have recently changed the sidebar links of Mains Material to bring all documents (whether completed or pending) of four papers in one page. If you still looking for old links, they are located here temporarily – Paper-1, Paper-2, Paper-3, Paper-4

General Studies Paper-1

Indian History

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.

Study Material
  • Modern Indian History [Select Topics for Mains]
Questions & Answers
  • Modern Indian History Q+A

Post-Independence Consolidation and Reorganization

Modern World History

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

Indian Society

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India; Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society; Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Study Material
Questions & Answers


Salient features of world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent). Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India). Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc. Geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Study Material
  • Select Topics: World Physical Geography
  • Select Topics: Distribution of Natural Resources
  • Select Topics: Location of Industries
  • Select Topics: Important Geophysical Phenomena
  • Select Topics: Geographical Features
Questions & Answers

General Studies -2

Indian Polity & Constitution

Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure. devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

Public Administration

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity; Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act; Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

Social Justice

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Study Material
Questions & Answers


Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Role of civil services in a democracy.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

International Relations

India and its neighborhood- relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests. Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Study Material
Questions & Answers

General Studies -3

Indian Economy

Basic Study Material [Target 2016 Documents]
Current Issues: Target 2017 Documents for GS Mains
  • Current Issues: Planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Current Issues: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Current Issues: Government Budgeting
  • Current Issues: Indian Agriculture: Crops, Livestock; Marketing; Technology
  • Current Issues: Subsidies, Buffer Stocks, PDS & Food Security
  • Current Issues: Industries and Industrial Policy
  • Current Issues: Land, Energy and Infrastructure
  • Current Issues: Investment models.
Questions & Answers

Science & Technology: Developments and Applications, Environment

Study Material
  • Indian Achievements in Science [Backgrounders]
  • Current Issues: Recent Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology
  • Current Issues: Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Current Issues: Developments in IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology
  • Current Issues: intellectual property rights.
  • Current Issues: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management Fundamentals
  • Current Issues: Environment

Internal & External Security

Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

General Studies-4

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships

Human Values, Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contribution of Moral Thinkers from India and World

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.  Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Other Documents


  • vineet sharma

    sir basic compendium SGS-39

  • vineet sharma

    not working


      Please reload and try now.

  • Bhushan Kanathe

    Dear Suresh Sir,

    Would Modern History mains-specific documents would be provided this year?

    And also would the remaining part of Polity topics be covered?



      Hello, Polity yes. Modern History I am not sure if we would be able put well designed documents to complete the syllabus. Partially it may be covered.