Pressure Groups and their role in the Polity

September 21, 2016

Pressure Groups versus Lobbying

Lobbying is a communication process used by members of a pressure group for persuasion. Lobbying is used to influence governmental policy process. It also acts as an instrument that links citizens and decision-makers. Lobbying takes place when a few members…

September 21, 2016

Role of Pressure Groups in Democracy

Pluralists believe that pressure groups advance the idea of democracy. Elitists claim that the pressure groups underline and weaken the democratic process. The pressure groups promote the democracy by:Supplementing electoral democracyPluralists argue that the pressure groups may supplement electoral democracy…

September 21, 2016

Plurism and Pressure Groups

Pluralism is a theory of the distribution of political power that says that the power is widely and evenly dispersed in society, rather than concentrated in the hands of an elite or ruling class. Thus, the pluralists have a positive…

September 21, 2016

Pressure Groups: Methods of Exerting Influence

There are a variety of ways via which the pressure groups could exert influence. These include - Via Ministers and civil servants, Parliamentary Lobbying, Via Political parties, Raising Public opinion and Direct action. Ministers and civil servants Ministers and Governments…

September 21, 2016

Functions of Pressure Groups

Pressure groups carry out a range of functions including Representation, Political participation, Education, Policy formulation, Policy implementation etc. A brief idea about each of them is given below: Representation Pressure groups provide an alternative to the formal representative process or…

September 21, 2016

Different Types of Pressure Groups

Although the pressure groups can be distinguished in a variety of ways (including local/ national / transnational groups and temporary/ permanent groups), the most common distinctions are as follows: Interest and cause groups Insider and outsider groups Interest and cause…

September 21, 2016

Comparison of Pressure Groups and Political Parties

The differences and similarities between Pressure Groups and Political parties are as follows: Differences While the Pressure groups seek to exert influence, political parties seek to win power The members of a pressure group have shared interests and common causes.…