Population

Various Ecological Units: Species, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biome, Ecosphere, Biosphere

January 11, 2016

There are several types of inter-related ecological units such as species, population, community, ecosystem, biome, ecosphere, biosphere etc. Many of these concepts suffer from inconsistencies and confusions over terminology. Organisms and Populations Theoretically, an organism should be smallest ecological unit. However, since all organisms have finite life...

Tribes of Andaman & Nicobar

December 29, 2015

There are 6 aboriginal tribes in Andaman & Nicobar islands.  On the basis of features, they can be divided into Negrito and Mongoloid. Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese are negrito while Nicobarese and Shompen are mongoloid. Shompens and Nicobarese seem to be descendents of primitive Malayans....

End of China’s One Child Policy

December 25, 2015

After a period of 35 years, China has recently changed its one-child policy and allowed the married couples to have at most two children. Historical background During the 1960’s, China under the rule of Maoists was an impoverished agrarian economy with a typical birth rate of six...

Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011

December 14, 2015

The 1st ever post independence Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 began on 29 June 2011 from the Sankhola village of Hazemara block in West Tripura District.  Government released the results of SECC-2011 in July 2015. SECC-2011 was first caste based census of Independent India. Earlier, caste...

Controversy over Religious Data in Census 2011

December 14, 2015

The data had stirred up a controversy (in media) with respect to the growth of the minority (Muslim) population. The data revealed that the share of Hindus in India’s population had fallen very slightly from 80% to 79.8%. At the same time, the share of Muslims rose...

Census of India 2011: Key Facts and Data

December 14, 2015

The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases as follows House listing and Housing Census and Population Enumeration. The population of India, at 1210.2 million, is almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together (1214.3 million). The...

Salient Provisions of Census Act 1948

December 14, 2015

Earliest reference to Census in India comes from Kautilya’s Arthashashtra. In Mughal period, writings of Abul Fazal in Ain-e-Akbari also give reference to the census. First Census During British Era, first census was conducted non-synchronously in 1965, the efforts culminated in 1872 and thus, the 1872 Census...

Critical Analysis of India’s National Population Policy 2000

December 14, 2015

Government of India introduced first National Population Policy in 1976, which focussed on reducing birth rate, lowering infant mortality rate and improving standard of life. The policy was revised in 1977 which focussed on: No coercion for family planning Minimum marriage age 18 years for females and...

Population Explosion in India – Causes & Remedy

December 14, 2015

There two main causes of high increase in population in India viz. High Birth Rate, and Low Death Rate. Birth rate refers to the number of children born per thousand persons in a year. Death rate refers to the number of persons who die per thousand persons...

Trends in Population of India

December 14, 2015

India is the second largest populated country in the world. India’s share in the world population is 17.5%. The population of India, at 121 crore, is almost equal to combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan. In 1991, population of India was 84.64 crore...

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