Population

December 29, 2015

Tribes of Andaman & Nicobar

There are 6 aboriginal tribes in Andaman & Nicobar islands.  On the basis of features, they can be divided into Negrito and Mongoloid. Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese are negrito while Nicobarese and Shompen are mongoloid. Shompens and Nicobarese…

December 25, 2015

End of China’s One Child Policy

After a period of 35 years, China has recently changed its one-child policy and allowed the married couples to have at most two children. Historical background During the 1960’s, China under the rule of Maoists was an impoverished agrarian economy…

December 14, 2015

Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011

The 1st ever post independence Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 began on 29 June 2011 from the Sankhola village of Hazemara block in West Tripura District.  Government released the results of SECC-2011 in July 2015. SECC-2011 was first caste…

December 14, 2015

Controversy over Religious Data in Census 2011

The data had stirred up a controversy (in media) with respect to the growth of the minority (Muslim) population. The data revealed that the share of Hindus in India’s population had fallen very slightly from 80% to 79.8%. At the…

December 14, 2015

Census of India 2011: Key Facts and Data

The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases as follows House listing and Housing Census and Population Enumeration. The population of India, at 1210.2 million, is almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh…

December 14, 2015

Salient Provisions of Census Act 1948

Earliest reference to Census in India comes from Kautilya's Arthashashtra. In Mughal period, writings of Abul Fazal in Ain-e-Akbari also give reference to the census. First Census During British Era, first census was conducted non-synchronously in 1965, the efforts culminated…

December 14, 2015

Critical Analysis of India’s National Population Policy 2000

Government of India introduced first National Population Policy in 1976, which focussed on reducing birth rate, lowering infant mortality rate and improving standard of life. The policy was revised in 1977 which focussed on: No coercion for family planning Minimum…

December 14, 2015

Population Explosion in India – Causes & Remedy

There two main causes of high increase in population in India viz. High Birth Rate, and Low Death Rate. Birth rate refers to the number of children born per thousand persons in a year. Death rate refers to the number…

December 14, 2015

Trends in Population of India

India is the second largest populated country in the world. India’s share in the world population is 17.5%. The population of India, at 121 crore, is almost equal to combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan. In…