Pollution

New Color Code for Industries in India

May 3, 2016

In February 2016, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) unveiled a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load. The new classification is for entire industrial sectors and not for individual units. Pollution Index Pollution Index forms the criteria for categorization of industrial...

Bharat Stage Emission Norms

January 12, 2016

In the backdrop of rising industrial and vehicle pollution, air quality become an issue of social concern worldwide. Vehicular exhaust is one of the important sources of air pollution and there is an urgent need to check the extent of vehicular pollution in India. History of vehicular...

Air Quality Control and Monitoring in India

January 12, 2016

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) with the help of concerned State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) and Pollution Control Committees (PCCs) is monitoring the ambient air quality in the country at 346 stations covering 130 cities and towns. This is done under the National Air Quality Monitoring Programme...

Salient Features of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

January 12, 2016

The Parliament enacted the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 to arrest the deterioration in the air quality. The notable points from this act are as follows: The Act makes provisions for the establishing of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) at the apex level and State...

Thermal Pollution of Water

January 12, 2016

Thermal pollution is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers. When water used as a coolant is re turned to the...

Various Conventions on Marine Pollution

January 12, 2016

Spread of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise or the invasive organisms in the marine is the Marine Pollution. Toxins bioaccumulate in Zooplankton and phytoplankton and then get biomagnified in the ocean food chains. They cause Eutrophication, ocean acidification etc. leading to problems such as...

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

January 12, 2016

Persistence is an important characteristic of the environmental pollutants in an environmental medium (air/ water/ soil) or in a living tissue, in which the pollutants remain active for a longer time in a toxic form through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic...

Key Drivers of Water Pollution

January 12, 2016

Almost 70 per cent of India’s surface water resources and a growing percentage of its groundwater reserves are contaminated by biological, toxic organic and inorganic pollutants. In many cases, these sources have been rendered unsafe for human consumption as well as for other activities such as irrigation...

Biofertilizers in India

January 12, 2016

There are five biofertilizers viz. Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria and mycorrhiza, which have been incorporated in India’s Fertilizer Control Order (FCO), 1985. Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum and blue green algae (BGA) have been traditionally used as Biofertilizers. Rhizobium inoculant is used for leguminouscrops such as pulses. Azotobacter can...

Monitoring Pollution

September 13, 2015

In most parts of the country there is a drastic lack of equipment to monitor the quality of air. It is only Delhi that has some infrastructure to monitor air quality. There are six automatic air-monitoring stations across Delhi which are also in working condition. Also there...

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