Philosophy

Integral Humanism of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya

November 13, 2015

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya (1916-68) was one of the founders of the Jana Sangh, which later became the Bhartiya Janta Party. He has been the source of ideological guidance and moral inspiration for the Bhartiya Janata Party since its inception. He advocated the doctrine of Integral humanism, which...

Three Levels of Morality as Studied by Kohlberg

March 28, 2015

Lawrence Kohlberg stressed that moral development primarily involves moral reasoning and occurs in stages. A key concept in understanding progression through the levels and stages is that their morality becomes more internal or mature. That is, their reasons for their moral decisions or values begin to go...

Kant’s three postulates of morality

March 28, 2015

The three postulates of morality are given by Immanuel Kant. They have been discussed as below: Immortality of the Soul Kant states in his critique, “the belief in God and another world is so interwoven with my moral sentiment.” The postulate of immortality was that the belief in...

Kant’s view on the origin and importance of moral knowledge

March 28, 2015

Kant laid the foundations in Critique of Pure Reason (1781) about moral of knowledge. It stated about the moral of knowledge as one of the two things that filled his mind with new and increasing admiration, apart from the starry heaven above him. Kant tried to show that...

Kant’s notion of Good Will

March 28, 2015

According to Kant, the one unconditionally good thing is a good will despite all encroachments. When we act, consequences of our actions lies beyond our control, but the will behind the action can be controlled. People with good will often accomplish good deeds, but producing beneficial outcomes...

Kant’s Categorical Imperative

March 28, 2015

Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804) was a German philosopher and is considered one of the central figures in modern philosophy. Kantianism Kant believed that people’s actions should to be guided by moral laws, and that these moral laws were universal. He held that in order to apply to all rational...

Kant’s Ethics: Core Idea

March 28, 2015

Kant believed that people’s actions should to be guided by moral laws, and that these moral laws were universal. He held that in order to apply to all rational beings, any supreme principle of morality must itself be based on reason. Even if a person’s is doing...

Psychological egoism of Hobbes versus Ethical egoism of Ayn Rand

March 28, 2015

Rand defines altruism as the view that “Any action taken for the benefit of others is good, and any action taken for one’s own benefit is evil”. Thus, the beneficiary of an action is the only criterion of moral value—and so long as the beneficiary is anybody...

Plato’s cardinal virtues

March 28, 2015

According to the old Greek thinkers, there are in all seven virtues of which four are called Cardinal Virtues while rest three are called Theological virtues. The “Cardinal” ones are those which all civilised people recognise. The “Theological” are those which, as a rule, only Christians know...

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